The immediate temporary care given to an ill or

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The immediate, temporary care given to an ill or injured person until professional medical care can be provided (Ch. 28, 736) F.I.T.T. Frequency, intensity, time/duration, and type of activity (Ch. 4, 90) Flash flood A flood with great volume and of short duration that is usually caused by heavy rainfall (Ch. 27, 727) Flexibility The ability to move a body part through a full range of motion (Ch. 4, 81) Flexor The muscle that closes a joint (Ch. 15, 395) Food additives Substances intentionally added to food to produce a desired effect (Ch. 5, 131) Food allergy A condition in which the body’s immune system reacts to substances in some foods (Ch. 5, 133) Food Guide Pyramid A guide for making healthful daily food choices (Ch. 5, 123) Food intolerance A negative reaction to a food or part of food caused by a metabolic problem, such as the inability to digest parts of certain foods or food components (Ch. 5, 134) Foodborne illness Food poisoning (Ch. 5, 134) Foster care A temporary arrangement in which a child is placed under the guidance and supervi- sion of a family or an adult who is not related to the child by birth (Ch. 11, 292) Fracture A break in the bone (Ch. 28, 750) Fraud Deliberate deceit or trickery (Ch. 3, 61) Friendship A significant relationship between two people that is based on caring, trust, and consideration (Ch. 10, 249; Ch. 12, 303) HEALTH_2004_BACKMATTER_2_TX 1/8/04 2:14 PM Page 796
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Glossary 797 Frostbite A condition that results when body tissues become frozen (Ch. 4, 100) G Gametes Reproductive cells (Ch. 20, 515) Gang A group of people who associate with one another to take part in criminal activity (Ch. 13, 337) Gastric juices Secretions from the stomach lining that contain hydrochloric acid and pepsin, an enzyme that digests protein (Ch. 17, 444) Gene therapy The process of inserting normal genes into human cells to correct genetic disorders (Ch. 19, 503) Genes The basic units of heredity (Ch. 19, 499) Genetic disorder A disorder caused partly or completely by a defect in genes (Ch. 19, 500) Genital herpes An STD caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV) (Ch. 25, 654) Goal Something you aim for that takes planning and work (Ch. 2, 34) Gonads The ovaries and testes (Ch. 18, 466) Gonorrhea A bacterial STD that usually affects mucous membranes (Ch. 25, 655) Graduated driver’s license A licensing program that gradually increases a new driver’s driving privileges over time as experience and skill are gained (Ch. 27, 720) Grief The sorrow caused by the loss of a loved one (Ch. 11, 282) Grief response An individual’s total response to a major loss (Ch. 9, 239) Group therapy Treating a group of people who have similar problems and who meet regularly with a trained counselor (Ch. 9, 237) H Hair follicle A structure that surrounds the root of a hair (Ch. 14, 365) Hallucinogens Drugs that alter moods, thoughts, and sense perceptions including vision, hearing, smell, and touch (Ch. 23, 609) Harassment Persistently annoying others (Ch. 12, 308) Hazardous waste A substance that is explosive, corrosive, highly reactive, or toxic to humans or other life-forms (Ch. 29, 773) Health The combination of physical, mental/ emotional, and social well-being (Ch. 1, 4) Health care system
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