Benjamin Franklin – a champion of reason, an inventor, philosopher, entrepreneur, and statesman. Deist. Bought a print shop, edited the Pennsylvania Gazette. Published Poor Richard’s Almanack. Founded a public library, started a fire company, helped create an academy that would become UPenn, organized a debating club that grew into the American Philosophical academy. Invented the Franklin stove, the lightning rod, bifocal spectacles, and a glass harmonica. Poor Richard’s Almanack – published by Ben Frank. A collection of weather forecasts, puzzles, household tips, and witty sayings about success and happiness. Church Of England – also known as Anglicanism, was the established church in Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, and the Carolinas. Itinerants – outspoken, traveling evangelists, who claimed that most of the local parish ministers were incompetent, and insisted that Christians must be “reborn” in their convictions and behavior. “Reborn” – to be renewed. To experience a complete spiritual change. To turn back to the faith and turn from old ways and behaviors. Great Awakening – Emotional religious revival movement that swept the thirteen colonies from the 1730s through the 1740s Jonathan Edwards – One of the foremost preachers of the Great Awakening, Edwards was known for his incendiary rhetoric that provoked spiritual guilt and fear of the afterlife in his followers. “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God.” – Jonathan Edwards’s most famous sermon. It was designed to frighten people into salvation. Reminded the congregation that hell is real and God is holding you over it and will drop you into the pit when provoked. Radical Evangelists – disrupted the social order in the colonies. Preached very strongly outside of the norm William Tennent – an Irish born Presbyterian revivalist, based in Pennsylvania. Preached to those at the bottom of the social scale. Urged people to renounce their conventional ministers
and attack the luxurious excesses of the wealthiest and most powerful colonists. George Whitfield – an Anglican preacher who made several trips to America to spread his religious sentiments. Personal salvation and a more democratic Christianity.
- Fall '17
- Cliff Tyndall