2.Piaget’s conservation-of-liquid task demonstrates that preoperational children’s thinking is characterized by __________ in that they focus on one aspect of a situation, neglecting other important features. a.Dynamic transformation b.Centration c.Hierarchical classification d.Irreversibility 3.According to Erikson, the psychological conflict of the preschool years is 4.The __________ child-rearing style is the most successful approach. 5.When Taylor was given a list of ingredients to memorize, she immediately repeated the list to herself over and over. Which memory strategy did Taylor use? 6.With increasing education, parents establish a __________ style of communication, like that of classrooms and tests. a.Collaborative b.Convergent c.Hierarchical d.Knowledge-Training 7.During the school years, children refine their __________, organizing their observations of behaviors and internal states into general dispositions. 8.Research shows that school-age children 9.Which of the following is a secondary sexual characteristic?
10.Compared with adult mothers, adolescent mothers a.Have low expectations of infants b.More often engage in child abuse c.Perceive their babies as less difficult d.Interact more efficiently with their infants 11.Both identity __________ and __________ are psychologically healthy routes to mature self-definition. 12.The most common psychological problem of adolescence is
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