3.19 Bio-Fuels Just a few years ago, the concept of using biofuels to power commercial airliners was beyond the scope of modern science. But as of today it is a reality and becoming an increasing source of jet fuels moving into the future. The benefits of bio-fuels are the friendly environmental impact they provide as well as the creation of fueling options. Bio-fuels were introduced in early test flights of 2008. In August 2011, Aeromexico completed the first intercontinental bio-fuel flight from Mexico City to Madrid. The aircraft was a Boeing 777-200ER and operated on a 30% blend of bio-fuel. Since then, there have been other flights utilizing a variety of bio-fuel blends. For the year 2015, the bio-fuel community has set a goal of having 1% of all aviation fuel to include bio-fuel content. Once that is achieved, the usage will begin to increase exponentially to 5% then 10% as the learning curve improves 9 . The current challenges facing the industry are making bio-fuels economically feasible while at the same time achieving a 50 percent life cycle reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. But as the future unfolds, this new fuel source will compete with petroleum to become a viable fuel source for commercial aircraft. It will also help maintain traditional fuel resources and reduce cost volatility while supporting environmental issues. 3.20 Airports of the Future Airports of the future are being built now and are becoming key factors in global production and shifts in cargo flows. They are focused on creating a passenger experience by providing a local and regional flare to their environment to stimulate the shopping and airport experience. With the advent of the Airbus 380, terminals at select gateways are being rebuilt and configured to handle the double decker aircraft and have subsequently expanded concourses and airport terminals. Airports are powerful entities of local and 9 Source:
regional development attracting aviation related business such as time-sensitive manufacturing, distribution facilities along with corporate relocations and all facets of retail, hospitality and entertainment. Airports are evolving from a collection of facilities that move people and products via air, into complex and dynamic airport cities. This accelerates property demand from importers and exporters who want increased access to cargo flights and site locations for their companies and facilities on or near airports. The future of airports is now in many cases tied to regional urban planning and infrastructure development with a full focus on how to fully take advantage of airport area development. Infrastructure links such as trains and expressways should efficiently connect airports to major business, industrial and residential areas. Clusters are developing to separate manufacturing, warehousing and trucking functions from office complexes and residential development so as to improve the flow of goods and airport passengers. For all the planning to be effective, airport planners and local and regional governments must work together in order to sustain intelligent development.
- Spring '15
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