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7 understand polarity and how it applies to water

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7. Understand polarity and how it applies to water molecules. 8. Label the parts of a chemical reaction. 9. Explain what makes up a solution.
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10. Compare acidic, basic, and neutral solutions. 11. Describe a buffer solution and it’s function. 12. Identify the six elements most common to biological organisms. 13. Explain the processes that build and breakdown monomers and polymers. 14. Identify the four major categories of organic molecules 15. Determine the functions of each of the four groups of organic molecules (macromolecules). 16. Identify the monomer and polymer units of the four major organic molecules. 17. Explain the four different types of polysaccharides and where they’re found. 18. Compare hydrophilic and hydrophobic compounds. 19. Explain the different types of triglycerides and their affect on health. 20. Differentiate between anabolic and catabolic chemical reactions. 21. Explain how the active site, substrate, enzyme and activation energy play a role in enzyme activity. 22. Describe the induced fit model for enzymes. 23. Explain how a change in temperature and pH can affect enzyme activity The Cell 1. Identify the parts of a plant cell 2. Identify the functions of the various cell structures 3. Describe the different types of microscopes and when they are used. 4. Explain the main ideas of the cell theory 5. Describe the significance of the development of the microscope 6. Describe how the functions of ribosomes, the endoplasmic reticulum, and the Golgi apparatus are related 7. Summarize the path of cellular products through membranes 8. Explain the functions of the various organelles 9. Explain why a cell may undergo the process of apoptosis 10. Describe the differences between vacuoles and vesicles. 11. Compare and contrast the functions of chloroplasts and mitochondria 12. Explain the endosymbiotic theory 13. Describe three mechanisms for cellular movement 14. Distinguish between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells 15. Compare and contrast the differences between a plant and an animal cell 16. Define a stem cell. 17. Explain how stem cell divides compared to a normal body cell. 18. Describe the different levels of stem cell potency. 19. Describe when and how scientists obtain embryonic stem cells. 20. Describe the function of adult stem cells 21. Explain how stem cells may be used with the field of medicine. 22. Describe the levels of organization within a multicellular organism. 23. Describe how the phospholipids are arranged within the cell membrane. 24. Explain the significance of cholesterol in reference to the cell membrane. 25. Identify functions of the proteins found within in cellular membranes. 26. Name three types of passive transport 27. Explain the concept of diffusion. 28. Describe how charged particles and large molecules move across the cell membrane. 29. Describe facilitated diffusion. 30. Explain the function of insulin. 31. Describe diabetes and its relation to facilitated diffusion. 32. Explain the process of osmosis 33. Distinguish the differences between the following terms: hypotonic, hypertonic, and isotonic. 34. Explain how animal and plant cells respond to being place in pure water. 35. Name three types of active transport 36. Compare and contrast active vs. passive transport.
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