● Puritans believed in predetermination, meaning that God had already chosen the “select few” who would get into heaven. They all wanted to show the rest of their community that they were among the select few, so there was intense pressure to appear perfect, basically. Also, Puritans believed that if a few members of their community sinned, God would punish the whole town for it, giving another reason for everyone to make sure everyone else was doing right. ○ They checked in to make sure children were being provided for, disciplined (and Puritan discipline was pretty harsh), and given the correct religious teachings ○ Adultery was a big no-no ○ Strict gender roles ● Unlike Virginia, Massachusetts was a stable colony with schools and stuff ● John Winthrop’s famous “City Upon a Hill” speech (or “A Model of Christian Charity”), which he gave upon arrival to the new world, was essentially about how the Puritans aimed to create the perfect Christian society, and that the rest of the world would look to and imitate them, thus making the rest of the world better Christians. This kind of
AmStud Oral Finals - Fall 2018 Berger/Seemueller backfired, because the success of Massachusetts was the reason that the Puritans lost control of it: it was doing so well that other groups wanted to move in, and eventually, the Puritans became the minority. Alt Answer Thesis: The Jamestown Virginia (1607) and the Massachusetts Bay puritan colony were on opposite ends of the spectrum. Jamestown Cultural: Jamestown had many criminals and rougher people over all. Mostly kept to themselves and were territorial. Economic: At first, tobacco (1612) was farmed they were all concerned with getting rich, once trade with britain kicked up the economy boomed Political: Original government was some of the crew of the the first Virginia co. voyage with roughly 100 people. Had trouble getting people to volunteer for army, had terrible terrible fights with the nearby native Algonquian tribe. John Rolfe married pocahontas which lead to peace. Massachusetts bay Culture: puritan, all watched out for each other, kids homeschooled and taught to read the bible, fighting in families was bad and neighbors checked in on each other to make sure the good of the community wasn't being harmed. Women were not equals, man was head of household Economy: Much more community centered, kids sometimes went to work at another family’s homes Government: Had a council, elected men to watch over homes and make sure they were being good City Upon a Hill was John Winthrop's speech to the Massachusetts colony saying that they would be the pinnacle of a good english settlement. That they would follow God's wishes exactly, and lead an example of how to get your community a place in heaven (1630) Looking out for number one by T.H. Breen was about how selfish the Jamestown colonists were and how they only looked out for themselves. They were suspicious of their neighbors and really only thought of themselves. These two places were different for a few reasons, the land
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