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King Uijong: rescript on native traditionThe assembly of the eight prohibitions in the two capitals has deteriorated from its former scale and quality, resulting in the gradual decline of the inherited traditionsBy practicing old native traditions, keep the people and heaven both happy
2.GeomancyGeomantic theories were popularized in Koryo by the works of the Buddhist monk Toson, who enhanced their appeal through an infusion of Buddhist ideaToson’s application of the Buddhist theory of causation to geomancy led Wang Kong to state in his “ten injunctions” that the topography of his power base, Songak, had determined his dynastic successSome of his political confidants, citing Confucian texts, criticized Wang Kon for his continuing reliance on Buddhist and native religious practicesBut the king defended his stance on the grounds that the hard reality of the unsettled conditions of the time demanded these practices, which were close to the people of the landBelieving that the strength of the dynasty was tied to the topographical powers of the land, Koryo set up four capitals: Kaesong, Pyongyang, Seoul, and KyongjuKaesong was chosen because of its geomantic centrality in the kingdom, as well as because it was Wang Kon’s political and economic power baseSubsequent attempts to move the capital were always foiled on the basis of geomancyThe most dramatic attempt to move the capital occurred in the 1130s,when a nationalistic firebrand, monk Myochong, led a rebellion to establish the primacy of the western capital(Pyongyang)Taking advantage of an unsettled political scene that had led to the burning of the royal palace byYi ChagyomHe argued that Keasong had lost its geomantic vigorTo survive the dynasty it was imperative to move the capital southWhen his proposal was ignored, he revolted, calling not only for a new capital but also for a new direction in foreign policy that would challenge the domination of china properIm Wan: warning to the king not to listen to MyochongKing Taejo’s reliance on BuddhismRelying first on the power of Buddha and on the authority of Taoism, I have engaged enough more than two decades in sea attqacks and fiery battlesIn order to respond to the sustenance accorded by the Holy Buddha, to repay the support of the mountain spirits, I commanded the government offices to construct a lotus palace and to name the mountain on which it sits Chonho and the monastery KaetaeKing Taejo and Confucian adviceKing Taejo resorted to the ideas of yin-yang and Buddhism
Kim Wije: on the selection of a site for the capital(김위제)Kim Wije urged that the sourthern capital(Seoul) be built and enhanced in stature to assure the continued success of the dynastyThe monk Myochong’s use of GeomancyIm wan: memorial on calamities(임완)송나라사람으로, 귀화하여과거에합격하고예부원외랑까지승진하였다. 인종이서적소(書籍所)를수창궁(壽昌宮) 옆에두자, 여러신하들과번갈아숙직하며왕의고문(顧問)에대비하였다.