History 2057 notes final exam

Roosevelt didnt like these laws but he signed for

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Roosevelt didn’t like these laws but he signed for them anyway b/c its what Americans wanted 1937, Japan, Germany and Italy sign a pact to ban against the Soviet Union 1938 Hitler seized Austria, no one says anything; Germany invades Poland gets the world suspicious and France and Britain declare war on Germany Weeks before the invasion, Hitler signed a pact with Stalin (ruler of USSR) that said that if a country happened to invade Poland, the others should not see this as a threat Germans push straight thru Poland and right into the Soviet Union In general, the Nazi’s had taken over most of Europe and wanted more III. United States’ initial response to WW2 US does not want to get involved even though US saw this as a direct threat to Democracy
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It would hurt US financial interests, US security was going to be threatened if Hitler took over all of Europe and if the US held off, they would probably not be able to afford to defend themselves Roosevelt’s plan was to try to help France and GB defend themselves against Germany without crossing the Neutrality Laws Policy of “cash and carry”: GB would pay cash for the war materials and carry them home themselves but GB was running out of money and there were German subs in the ocean Next policy, “lend lease”: instead of selling the war materials, the US just lended them to GB Election 1940: Roosevelt campaigned on the theme to keep US out of the war He was running for an un-heard of 3 rd term b/c it was right in the middle of the war and it was unwise to change Presidents then; he was re-elected IV. Japan and the USA’s entry into the war At this time, Japan was sweeping across China and going into Asia and the South Pacific Islands and the US was yelling “open door policy” at Japan (free trade with Asia) So, the US puts economic pressure on Japan by reducing the sale of airplane fuel, petroleum and metal Japan sends ambassadors to Washington to talk about resuming their supply but US receives a message saying that Japan was not negotiating under good faith so the US freezes the shipments of any kind of product to Japan 1941, US sees that a very large Japanese armada left Japan and was somewhere in the Pacific Dec 1941, US realized that war was very close and then on Dec 7, 1941 Japanese fleet in the Pacific attack s Pearl Harbor; attacks the US’s Pacific fleet and killed 2400 sailors, sunk 8 battleships and destroyed all aircrafts; it was a complete surprise! It was a case of underestimation on both sides: o US did not think that Japan could sneak up on them like that from that far away o Japan did not think that the US would get together militarily and become a war machine heading right for the Japanese The next day, Roosevelt declares war and then Germany declares war on the US WW2 I. Fighting the War When the US declared war, they were unprepared and ill equipped to go into battle o They really had to play catch up o
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