When a patient first began using alcohol two drinks produced relaxation and

When a patient first began using alcohol two drinks

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17. When a patient first began using alcohol, two drinks produced relaxation and drowsiness. After 1 year, four drinks are needed to achieve the same response. Why has this change occurred? a.Tolerance has developed.b.Antagonistic effects are evident.c.Metabolism of the alcohol is now delayed.d.Pharmacokinetics of the alcohol have changed.ANS: A
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Tolerancerefers to needing higher and higher doses of a drug to produce the desired effect. The potency of the alcohol is stable. Neither hypomagnesemia nor antagonistic effects account for this change. 18. At a meeting for family members of alcoholics, a spouse says, “I did everything I could to help. I even requested sick leave when my partner was too drunk to go to work.” The nurse assesses these comments as: 19. In the emergency department, a patient’s vital signs are BP 66/40 mm Hg; pulse 140 beats/min; respirations 8 breaths/min and shallow. The nursing diagnosis is Ineffective breathing pattern related to depression of respiratory center secondary to narcotic intoxication. Select the priority outcome.The patient will demonstrate effective coping skills and identify community resources for treatment of substance abuse within 1 week of hospitalization.
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20. Family members of an individual undergoing a residential alcohol rehabilitation program ask, “How can we help?” Select the nurse’s best response.
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