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Industrial Efficiency”. Guidance and counselling actually started in United States of America with emphasis on vocational guidance. It is on the same trend that it started in Nigeria considering the purpose and efforts of the Reverend Sisters at St Theresa’s College Ibadan. It is worthy of note that emphasis on vocational guidance in the historical evolution of the discipline of Guidance and Counselling in developed and as well as in developing societies may be reflective of the pre-eminence of the institution of work in human civilization. The Mental Health Movement also contributed positively to the evolution of Guidance and Counselling. Clifford Beers was one of the pioneers of the mental health movement. The publication of this book titled “A Mind that Formed Itself” revolutionized mental health practices and invariably it promoted the development of counselling 20