Hammer G G McPhee S 2014 Pathophysiology of disease An introduction to clinical

Hammer g g mcphee s 2014 pathophysiology of disease

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Hammer, G. G. , & McPhee, S. (2014). Pathophysiology of disease: An introduction to clinical medicine . (7th ed.) New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education. Chapter 6, “Blood Disorders” This chapter begins by exploring the anatomy and physiology of blood and the coagulation system. It then examines two types of anemia caused by red cell disorders. White blood cell disorders and platelet disorders are also examined. Optional Resources American Sickle Cell Anemia Association. (2010). Retrieved from
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WEEKLY DISCUSSIONS 3 Discussion: Anemia In clinical settings, advanced practice nurses often encounter patients with blood disorders such as anemia. Consider the case of a 17-year-old girl who is rushed to the emergency room after suddenly fainting. The girl’s mother reports that her daughter has had difficulty concentrating for the past week, frequently becomes dizzy, and has not been eating normally due to digestion problems. The mother also informs the nurse that their family has a history of anemia. With the family history of anemia, it appears that this is the likely diagnosis. However, in order to properly diagnose and treat the patient, not only must her symptoms and family history be considered, but also factors such as gender, ethnicity, age, and behavior. This poses the question: How do patient factors impact the incidence and prevalence of different types of anemia? To Prepare Review Chapter 21 in the Huether and McCance text. Reflect on the pathophysiological mechanisms of iron deficiency anemia. Select one of the following types of anemia: pernicious anemia, folate deficiency anemia, sideroblastic anemia, chronic inflammation anemia, or post-hemorrhagic anemia. Identify the pathophysiological mechanisms of the anemia you selected. Consider the similarities and differences between iron deficiency anemia and the type of anemia you selected. Reflect on how patient factors such as genetics, gender, ethnicity, age, and behavior might impact these anemic disorders. By Day 3 Post an explanation of the pathophysiological mechanisms of iron deficiency anemia and the anemia you selected. Compare these two types of anemia, as well as their potential causes. Finally, explain how genetics, gender, ethnicity, age, and behavior might impact the anemic disorders you selected. This week’s Quiz covers the content you have explored this week. The Quiz may include the following topics: Abnormalities in hemoglobin production and red blood cell division Anemia—aplastic anemia, anemia of chronic disease, folic acid deficiency, iron deficiencies, pernicious anemia, sickle cell, thalassemia Disorders of platelets and coagulation Hemophilia Hodgkin’s lymphoma Leukemia—acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) Lymph nodes as they relate to various types of blood disorders Neoplastic disorders Pathophysiology of benign versus malignant tumors Thrombocytopenia—acquired thrombocytopenia, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) By Day 7 Be sure to complete this week’s Quiz
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