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Which provides the foundation for an organizations

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which provides the foundation for anorganization’s various information systems.However, it is the people who utilize the IT platform to create valuable products and services. ITpersonnel use the IT platform (i.e., hardware and software components) to produceIT Servicessuch as data management, systems development, security management, and technology-supportto users. These IT services, IT personnel who create and support these services, and the platformwhich acts as the foundation to create products and services, taken together, defines a firm’sITInfrastructure. The various information systems used by a firm are supported by the firm’s ITinfrastructure. In today's competitive environment, IT platforms and IT infrastructure are vital toorganizations.
(Information SystemsFirms need to plan, develop, manage, and use information technology tools to help peopleperform all tasks related to information processing and management. An information system isan intelligentapplication of information technologyalong with people and procedures to dosomething useful. Or stated differently, an information system is an organizational andmanagement solution, based on information technology, to a challenge posed by theenvironment. Managers cannot ignore information systems because they play such a critical rolein contemporary organizations. Digital technology is transforming business organizations. Theentire cash flow of most fortune 500 companies is linked to information systems. Today’ssystems directly affect how managers decide, plan, and in many cases what products and servicesare produced and how. They play a strategic role in the life of the firm. Responsibility forinformation systems cannot be delegated to technical decision makers.Basic components of information systemsInformation systems includes:!Hardware – input, output, and processing device!Software – program that enables hardware to process data!Data or Database (i.e., collection of files or tables containing data)!Telecommunication or Network – System to connect computers/hardware!Procedures – set of rules to combine above components!People – use hardware and software to perform their job
)Efficient functioning of each of these components is necessary for the operation of theinformation system.Major capabilities of information systemsThe common capabilities of information systems include high-speed numerical computations,quick access to high-volume data, fast communication and collaboration and the ability toautomate business processes.Type of information systems: Based on Breadth of supportOrganizational information systems are information systems that support organization-wideprocesses and transactions. Other information systems may support individual or groupactivities. Four major types of organizational information systems are Functional AreaInformation Systems (FAIS), Enterprise Resource Planning Systems (ERP), Transaction

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Term
Fall
Professor
KUNSOOHAN
Tags
Word processor

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