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3.Social implications of religion, gender, 4.Can be connected to India: the class of the Important Men: middle class, educated class in Europe and when they come back, they’re the administrations of these countries: ex: Gandhi5.India and Alif-Ghani: problems for Muslims in British Indiae.Economic Impacts:i.Dependency on the mother statesDecolonization1.Decolonization refers to the act of formally colonized states becoming independent from their imperialist powers2.There are several waves.3.Why did it happen:a.War: WWII, for instance, made those that were involved poor and no longer strong enough to resist the revolts occurring in their colonies. b.Indigenous Resistance Movements: in some cases, colonial powers had made false promises that if certain colonies fought in their wars they would gain more control over their own territories, but not complete autonomy. This didn’t work out. India was one of these cases—Quit India Movement.4.Political Impacts: a.Moving away from traditionalism:countries like India didn’t want to go back to the way things had been prior to colonization. Adopted democratic ideals for example, ideals of political pluralism for instance. b.Led to some current political conflicts: Pakistan and India today—British partitioned the two states, but not properly. There’s a mix of Hindus and Muslimsin both states—The Partition Massacres. c.The Problem of Legitimacy:
Patricia MulondoWorld History Finali.Worked out differently in different places. Worst case scenario was Africa, during the Congress of Berlin, European powers had drawn African boundaries that didn’t make sense, where people of differing ethnicities were grouped together. After decolonization, these African nations had problems with creating nationalism because citizens saw themselves as members of tribes and not members of nations. 5.Social Impacts:a.Nations were split up internally. Differing religions, cultures, and language made communication difficult, which in turn, made operating the new states even morechallenging. 6.Economic Impacts:a.Poverty i.Led them to seek assistance and become indebted. ii.International Financial Organizations:In order to get loans from these nations, these new independent countries have to play by the rules of these organizations. 1.Led to the spread of certain policies: example—democratic principles. iii.Slap in the face to learn that political independence doesn’t bring about economic independence. b.Shift in their economies: In order to participate in an international market, they needed to export things people wanted. Therefore, there was a shift from economies where farmers farm what they need to survive to have them producing goods to export. Conclusion•End-of-history Debate: for the past couple of centuries, history has been about only a few select group of nations (Britain, and Spain, for example) trying to gain power and exert their principles and policies on those their conquer.