Cohort study 234 comparative experiment 208 comparing

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Cohort study, 234 Comparative experiment, 208 Comparing two proportions, 195 Complement rule, 16 Conditional proportions, 186 Confidence interval, 49 Confidence level, 87 Confounding variables, 198 Continuity correction, 78 Convenience sample, 97 Correlation coefficient, 359 Coverage rate, 87 Critical value, 84 Cross-classified study, 234 Cross-sectional design, 234 Distribution, 138 Double blind, 208 Duality, 51 Exact binomial inference, 53 Expected value, 16, 43 Experimental study, 202 Experimental units, 202 Explanatory variable, 196 Extrapolation, 372 F distribution, 342 F statistic, 342 Finite population correction factor, 113 Fisher's exact test, 219 Hawthorne effect, 208 Homogeneity of proportions, 326 Hypergeometric distribution, 217, 218 hypergeometric random variable, 112 Hypotheses, 37 Hypothesized value, 49 Independence, 28 Influential observation, 380 Intercept coefficient, 371 Interquartile range, 143 Interquartile range (IQR), 144
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Chance/Rossman, 2015 ISCAM III Index 427 Least squares line, 369 Least squares regression line, 369 Level of significance, 55 Linear association, 356 Long-run proportion, 13 Margin-of-error, 84 Matched-pairs design, 288 Mean of absolute differences (MAD), 346 Mutually exclusive, 28 Negative association, 356 Non-sampling errors, 108 Normal approximation to binomial, 79 Normal probability calculations, 72 Normal probability curve, 68 Null distribution, 21 Null hypothesis, 37 Null model, 21 Observational study, 202 Observational units, 36 Odds, 234 Odds ratio, inference, 238 One proportion z -intervals, 85 One proportion z -procedures, 116 One proportion z -test, 81 One sample t -test, 163 One sample z -interval, 84 One-sided alternative, 45 Outlier, 144 Paired data, 290 Paired t -procedures, 300 Paired t -test, 295 Parallel dotplots, 137, 258, 290 Parallel histograms, 138 Parameter, 36, 96 Percentage change, 193 Percentiles, 83 Placebo effect, 208 Plausible, 26 Population, 95 Positive association, 356 Power, 56 Practical significance, 118 Prediction interval, 166 Probability, 13, 24 Probability rules, 16 Prospective design, 234 p-value, 24 Quantitative, 36 Random assignment, 203 Random variable, 15 Randomization test, 277, 278 Randomized experiment, 208 Regression line, 369 Rejection region, 55 Relative frequency, 13 Relative risk, 226 Relative risk, inference, 231 Residual, 332, 343, 366 Residual plots, 393 Response variable, 196 Retrospective design, 234 Sample, 95 Sample size, 36 Sampling frame, 98 Sampling variability, 97 Scatterplot, 355 Scope of conclusions, 25 Segmented bar graphs, 186 Shape of distribution, 138 Sign test, 422 Significance, 24 Simple random sample, 97 Simple random sample, selecting, 98, 260 Skewed distributions, 138 Skewed to the left, 138 Skewed to the right, 138 Slope coefficient, 371 Spread. See Variability Squared residuals, 367, 369 Standard deviation, normal curve, 68 Standard deviation, of random variable, 17 Standard deviation, sample proportion, 68 Standard error difference in means, 279 difference in proportions, 191 sample mean, 158 Standard error (sample proportion), 82 Standard normal distribution, 83 Standard score, 72 Statistic, 26, 36 Statistically significant, 24 Stratified random sample, 134
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Chance/Rossman, 2015 ISCAM III Index 428 Strength of association, 356 Sum of absolute errors (SAE), 369, 375 Sum of squared residuals, 369 Systematic random sampling, 299 Tally, 32
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