PET and fMRI have shown that different parts of the brain light up when they

Pet and fmri have shown that different parts of the

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PET and fMRI have shown that different parts of the brain light up when they are active Oxytocin & Vasopressin o Both play a crucial role in the attachment-caregiving system Between mother and child as well as friends and such Endorphins o Chemical substances in the nervous system that are similar in structure and action to opiates o They are involved in pain reduction, pleasure, and memory and are technically known as endogenous opioid peptides o fMRIs show difference in child love and partner love different parts of the brain Two strong predicaments of People: o Proximity Effect The people who are nearest to you geographically are most likely you be dearest to you o Similarity Effect
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Similarity - in looks, attitudes, beliefs, values, personality, and interests – is attractive to human beings; we tend to choose friends and loved ones who are most like us Dating websites use this Attachment Theory of Love o People’s attachments styles as adults derive in large part from how their parents cared for them o Three Different Attachment Styles: (exist through entire life) Secure 64% warm close relationships with their parents Avoidant 23% entirely negative terms about parents (cold and rejecting parents) resistant to change Anxious 11% ambivalence towards their parents (harsh and kind) Many gender difference when in comes to love o Motives of lover reflect social, economic, and cultural forces o Western societies, women often express love in words, where men do actions o Overall, sexes have become more alike in endorsing romantic love Motives of Sex Biology o Hormones: Testosterone is an androgen that both sexes produce and increases sexual attraction Hormones DO NOT cause sexual behaviour because: Requires more than hormones There are other factors with low androgens that could cause it (no correlation) o Arousal and Orgasm: Kinsey Experiment: There is no right kind of orgasm for women to have, and both sexes are capable of sexual arousal and response o Sex Drive Some researchers believe that men have a higher frequency of many sexual behaviours, on average because they have a stronger sex drive than women Some people believe that gender differences in sexual motivation is because of roles, cultural norms, and opportunity Psychology o Motives Pleasure – the satisfaction and physical pleasure of sex Intimacy – emotional closeness with the partner; spiritual transcendence
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Insecurity – reassurance that you attractive or desirable Partner Approval – the desire t please or appease you partner; the desire to avoid the partners anger or rejection Peer Approval – the wish to impress friends, be a part of the group, and conform to what everyone else seems to be doing Attaining a Goal – to get status, money, revenge, or to ‘even the score’ o Extrinsic awards for sex are more common than intrinsic rewards o
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