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First cause in the chain of causes an absolutely

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first cause in the chain of causes, an absolutely necessary being, an absolutely perfect being, and a rational designer. His knowledge is absolutely perfect since he knows himself and all things as appointed by him.
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Therein God wills good to every being which exists, that is he loves it; and, therefore, love is the fundamental relation of God to the world. Man stands opposite to God; he consists of soul and body. The "intellectual soul" consists of intellect and will . Furthermore the soul is the absolutely indivisible form of man; it is immaterial substance, but not one and the same in all men (as the Averrhoists assumed). The soul's power of knowing has two sides; a passive (the intellectus possibilis ) and an active (the intellectus agens ). It is the capacity to form concepts and to abstract the mind's images ( species ) from the objects perceived by sense. But since what the intellect abstracts from individual things is a universal, the mind knows the universal primarily and directly, and knows the singular only indirectly by virtue of a certain reflexio (cf. Scholasticism ). As certain principles are immanent in the mind for its speculative activity, so also a "special disposition of works"; or the synderesis (rudiment of conscience), is inborn in the "practical reason", affording the idea of the moral law of nature, so important in medieval ethics.
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