Method study concerned with the way in which work is

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Method- study concerned with “the way in which work is done (i.e., method)”. It is used to simplify the way to accomplish a work and to improve the method of production. Method-study results in a more effective use of material, plant, equipment and manpower. It employs a systematic approach involving: Select Record Examine Develop Install - Maintain Work-measurement is concerned with the value or work-content of the task itself (i.e., measurement). It is used to determine how long it should take to carry out the job. It also provides a yardstick for human effort. Work-measurement results in making possible an improved planning and control (manning), and providing a basis for sound incentive scheme. It employs a systematic approach involving: Select Define - Break jobs into elements Measure - Establish work unit value. The outcome of both, method-study and work-measurement, thus results in higher productivity.
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152 11.3.1.1 Advantages of Work Study Following are the advantages of work study: 1) It helps to achieve the smooth production flow with minimum interruptions. 2) It helps to reduce the cost of the product by eliminating waste and unnecessary operations. 3) Better worker-management relations. 4) Meets the delivery commitment. 5) Reduction in rejections and scrap and higher utilisation of resources of the organization. 6) Helps to achieve better working conditions. 7) Better workplace layout. 8) Improves upon the existing process or methods and helps in standardisation and simplification. 9) Helps to establish the standard time for an operation or job which has got application in manpower planning, production planning. 11.3.1.2 Objectives of Work Study Following are the key objectives of the work study for the improvement of productivity 1) It helps in the optimum use of plant, equipment, manpower and material. 2) It helps in establishing the standard of performance. 3) It helps in developing efficient work methods. 4) It helps in establishing the most efficient and effective utilization of human effort. 5) It helps in synchronizing various resources like men and machine. 6) It helps in the evaluation of human work. 7) It helps in efforts towards productivity improvement. 8) It helps in the elimination of wasteful efforts, useless material handling, etc. 9) It helps in job-simplification and work standardization. 10) It is helpful in developing plant safety schemes, equipment utilization, plant layout, and conducive work environment. 11.3.2 PROCEDURE INVOLVED IN WORK STUDY Select Job Record from Direct Examine recorded facts Develop Economic Method Measure Work & calculate standard time Maintain New Standard Install New Method Define New Method
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153 There are eight steps in performing a complete work study. They are: 1) Select 2) Record 3) Examine 4) Develop 5) Evaluate 6) Define 7) Install 8) Maintain 1) Select : Select the job or process to be studied 2) Record : Record or collect all the relevant data about the job or process, using the most suitable data collection techniques, so that the data will be in the most convenient form to be analyzed.
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