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A the premise that x is p q r z b the premise that y

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a) the premise that X is p , q , r , …, z b) the premise that Y is p , q , r , … c) the premise that p , q , r , … are the properties relevant to the moral or legal assessment of X and Y 3. Considering the weakest point in the argument, the most effective way to argue against it would be to argue that ________. a) p , q , r , … are not all the properties relevant to the moral or legal assessment of X and Y b) p , q , r , … include properties irrelevant to the moral or legal assessment of X and Y Passage 4 I hit him because he hit me, and I don’t think it was wrong. After all, he hit me first, and I couldn’t stop him except by hitting him back. 1. The ________ scheme is present in the passage. a) slippery slope reasoning
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Good Reasoning Matters! A Constructive Approach to Critical Thinking , Fifth Edition © Oxford University Press Canada, 2012 b) argument from analogy c) appeal to precedent d) two-wrongs reasoning e) two-wrongs by analogy 2. Considering the scheme involved and the premises it requires, the weakest point in the argument is ________. a) the premise that X is a response to another wrong, Y , the unjust consequences of which it is designed to cancel or alleviate b) the premise that X is less wrong than Y c) the premise that there is no morally preferable way to respond to Y 3. Considering the weakest point in the argument, the most effective way to argue against it would be to argue that ________. a) X is as wrong as Y b) X is more wrong than Y Passage 5 I think I should be allowed to eat at my desk. After all, Garibaldi in accounting eats at his desk, even though it’s against the rules. If that’s been allowed, then I should be allowed to do it, too. 1. The ________ scheme is present in the passage. a) slippery slope reasoning b) argument from analogy c) appeal to precedent d) two-wrongs reasoning e) two-wrongs by analogy 2. Considering the scheme involved and the premises it requires, the weakest point in the argument is ________. a) the premise that a wrong, X , is analogous to other wrongs ( Y , Z , W , …) that have been permitted b) the premise that fairness in the form of consistency is more important than preventing X c) the premise that there is no morally preferable way to respond to the situation 3. Considering the weakest point in the argument, the most effective way to argue against it would be to argue that ________. a) X is not analogous to other wrongs ( Y , Z , W , …) b) the other wrongs have not been permitted
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Good Reasoning Matters! A Constructive Approach to Critical Thinking , Fifth Edition © Oxford University Press Canada, 2012 Passage 6 If a man is allowed to marry another man, then men should be allowed to marry more than one person. And if a man is allowed to marry more than one person, then he could marry an animal. And if a man could marry an animal, he could marry furniture, so a man marrying another man is
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a the premise that X is p q r z b the premise that Y is p q...

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