They lost national elections in 1990 contras o a

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- They lost national elections in 1990.Contraso- A Nicaraguan rebel group that got financial support from the CIA.- This group was formed as a response to the overthrowing of Anastazio Somoza- against SandinistasBoland Amendmentoan act passed by congress that said the president could not support the Contras; Reagan ignored it during the Iran-Contra affairThe name given to three U.S. legislative amendments between 1982 and 1984, all aimed at limiting U.S. government assistance to the rebel Contras in Nicaragua.Oliver NorthoNational Security Council; headed the initiative in the Iran-Contra Scandal; convicted of perjury but later overturnedIran-Contra AffairoThis involved high officials in the Reagan administration secretly selling arms to Iran (in return for the release of Western hostages in the Middle East) and illegally using the proceeds to finance the Contra rebels in Nicaragua.Mikhail GorbachevoSoviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms (born in 1931)Head of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991. His liberalization effort improved relations with the West, but he lost power after his reforms led to the collapse of Communist governments in eastern Europe.worked with Reagan to end the Cold Waro- leader of Soviet Union in 1985- young leader, more robust- Soviet Union is in an economic crisis--> immediately impressed world leaders--> able to turn economy around- does institute some political reforms--> Glassnos and Parastreika--> Transparency & ReformationBerlin Wall FallsoIn 1989, the Communists in East Germany were forced out of power after protesters tore down the Berlin Wall. In October 1990, the two Germanys reunited into one country. (p. 663)Velvet Revolution
o- nations peacefully overthrow Communist Government--> Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary start--> Baltic States FollowGeorge H.W. Busho- president during the Gulf War- New World Order- ability to quickly bring the war to a conclusion while suffering relatively few casualties- resulted in the second-highest approval rating of any president, 89%New World Ordero- A description of the international system resulting from the collapse of the Soviet Union- The balance of nuclear terror theoretically no longer determined the destinies of states- new era of international cooperation following the Soviet Union's demiseManuel Antonio Noriegao- Leader of the Panamanian Defense Forces - Noriega supplied information to the CIA during the Bush administration- but was indicted in 1988 for drug and other charges and eventually captured and convicted after a military standoff with U.S. troops in PanamaGulf WaroOperation Desert Storm:- Encouraged by President George H.W. Bush, the UN condemned Iraq's invasion of Kuwait and gathered an international military force.

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