Republican party didn’t exist b/f the civil war in the southB.) Economic Reconstruction
Reconstruction Cont. 22:02What is going to replace slave labor? How will it recover?White plantation owners own all the landWhite land owners and free slaves, free slaves control labor, Groups have opposed goals of what is going to happen. Whites want a system as close to slavery as possible. But would get paid small wages. Former slaves want to get away from anything that remotely resembles slavery. Don’t want slave labor or to work with an overseer. Develop sharecroppingPlantation owner divides land into plots, they farm that plot of land, and at the end of the year they split their profits with slave owners. Credit- Don’t have enough money, buying on credit, problem is that you have to pay an interest rate. Barely make enough to pay off their debt. Not having enough money to pay debts back, happens over and over again. What if crop fails? Owe debt to the store?- you go to jail. Other problemsWhite land owners become a powerful person in people’s lives, especially in regard to politics. Sharecroppers control the aa’s livelihood If you were a cotton sharecropper- final disaster- cotton prices spiraled downward, sharecropping cotton you are making less every yearStuck in cycle of poverty in dept, a lot of sharecroppers never escaped. Economic solution never really benefited slavesVI. End of reconstructionWhen democratic party takes control of all southern states- that is when reconstruction comes to an endA.) Four political developmentsHappens for many reasons1. All tensions adherent in republican party- white leadership has different sent of goals than republican voters have.
Reconstruction Cont. 22:022. Democratic party is gaining power, organizing and mobilizing, gaining voters as republican party is falling apart. 3. Complaining about taxes, there were new taxesRepublican parties wanted to fund things like public schools. Fund public hospitals, orphanages, insane isilums, all the institutions that didn’t exist b/f the war. Democrats howled about new taxes. Want to restore home rule in state- want to throw out carpet baggers, throw out Yankee carpet baggers and federal gov. protecting them. Generated a lot of support from southerners. 4. White supremacy and white unity- return the south to a white man’s country, Democratic party is the party of white people. Republican is carpet baggers and former slaves. Democratic party resorted to violence to steal elections. B.)White Democrats take control of SouthDemocratic party military apparatus was a terrorist organization. KKK-terrorize republicans to get them to stop voting and get them out of office. Intimidated voters at polls, intimidated candidates at home.