Due to the varying locations of transcellular fluid the composition changes

Due to the varying locations of transcellular fluid

This preview shows page 4 - 7 out of 9 pages.

Due to the varying locations of transcellular fluid, the composition changes dramatically. Some of the electrolytes present in the transcellular fluid are sodium ions, chloride ions , and bicarbonate ions. Cerebrospinal fluid is similar in composition to blood plasma, but lacks most proteins, such as albumins, because they are too large to pass through the blood
Image of page 4
5 brain barrier. Ocular fluid in the eyes contrasts with cerebrospinal fluid by containing high concentrations of proteins, including antibodies. Electrolytes Is a substance (chemicals) that conducts electricity when dissolved in water.They are essential for a number of bodily functions. 1 - Fruits and vegetables are good sources of electrolytes. 2 - Electrolytes include sodium, potassium, calcium and bicarbonate. 3 - Function: They regulate nerve and muscle function , hydrate the body , balance blood acidity and pressure , and help rebuild damaged tissue. For example, a muscle needs calcium, sodium, and potassium to contract . When these substances become imbalanced , it can lead to either muscle weakness or excessive contraction . The heart, muscle , and nerve cells use electrolytes to carry electrical impulses to other cells. 4 - The electrolytes in human bodies include: Sodium , potassium , calcium , bicarbonate , magnesium , chloride , phosphate 5 - Loss: Important electrolytes are lost in sweat during exercise , including sodium and potassium. The concentration can also be affected by rapid loss of fluids , such as after a bout of diarrhea or vomiting. 6 – Regulation: The kidneys and several hormones regulate the concentration of each electrolyte. If levels of a substance are too high, the kidneys filter it from the body, and different hormones act to balance the levels. 7 - Imbalance: A harmful concentration of magnesium, sodium, potassium, or calcium can produce one or more of the following symptoms: irregular heartbeat , weakness , bone disorders , twitching , changes in blood pressure , confusion , Seizures , numbness , nervous system disorders , Convulsions excessive tiredness , muscle spasm. Signs and symptoms of excessive calcium may include:
Image of page 5
6 frequent urination , irregular heartbeat , lethargy , fatigue , moodiness and irritability , nausea , stomach pain , Vomiting , extreme muscle weakness , thirst , dry mouth or throat , total loss of appetite , Coma , confusion , constipation. Conversion: Conversion of units is the conversion between different units of measurement for the same quantity , typically through multiplicative conversion factors . For example, a nurse with 50 mg aspirin of each tablets who must administer 0.2 g of aspirin to a patient, how many tablets must be given to the patient? ( she needs to know that 0.2 g equals 200 mg ), so 4 tablets are needed. The International System of Units ( SI , abbreviated from the French System).
Image of page 6
Image of page 7

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 9 pages?

  • Winter '20
  • Dr. Majed Saeed
  • different units

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask ( soon) You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors