Modern European History Final Study Guide

Territories in return mexico couldnt match us

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territories in return; Mexico couldn’t match US military & ignored the proposal Russian revolution : revolutions in Russia that dismantled the Tsarist autocracy Tsarist government : Russian old regime; king took the title as Tsar (“Cesar”); absolute monarchy Serfdom : status of peasants under feudalism; condition of bondage; if they occupied a plot of land, they were required to work for the Lord of the Manor Duma : Duma & Petrogrud Soviet: council set up by workers in the capitol Petrograd Soviet; council assemblies which was created by the Tsar of Russia;
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form of Russian gov’t institution Lenin : was exiled for his views; he took control of the Bolsheviks party (founded it); was a Marxist; abolition of private property; equal pay; means of production in common Communist Manifesto : short publication from Marx and Engels; one of the most influential political manuscripts; class struggle and problems of capitalism rather than a prediction of communism Whites v. Reds : Civil War (1917-1921): to see if Bolshvism can survive in Russia; Whites (supporters of the Tsar) vs. Reds (Leon Trotsky - Bolshevik); war policies called war communism; all decisions come from the top War Communism : military communism; economic & political system that existed in Soviet Russia during Russian Civil War; keeping towns and red army supplied with weapons and food – GO RED Cheka : secret police came from war communism New Economic Policy (1921-8) : Lenin initiates this – allowed for the success of the Kulaks who become a success in Russia (rich peasants who farmed for profit); state capitalism; farmers must give up some agricultural product as tax Expressionism : inner thought being outwardly expressed Dadaism : art movement; anti-war politics & anti-bourgeois; abstract art & sound Surrealism : avant-garde to release the creative potential of the unconscious mind; SUBCONSCIOUS Nazism : far-right racist German nationalist movement (anti-Semitism) Hitler : asshole Fuhrer : German for “leader”; associated with Hitler; negative connotation Fascism : radical authoritarian nationalism; unify nation through totalitarian state that seeks mass mobilization of the national community through discipline; founded by Italian syndicalists who combined left & right-winged views Mussolini : Fascists won the Spanish Civil War with the help of Mussolini & Hitler; Italian politician who led the National Fascist Party; dictator; destroyed political oppression through secret police Il Duce : the Fascists identified Mussolini as Il Duce of the National Fascist Party
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Spanish Civil War : civil war; international conflict; ideological conflict; lots of men from all over Europe volunteered; Fascists won the war with the help of Mussolini & Hitler; Republicans vs. Fascists (rebel group led by Francisco Franco); Franco would become Spain’s dictator Appeasement : Hitler’s Foreign Policy called for appeasement : if they give some concessions, Germany will be happy and Hitler will be happy ; Hitler kept complaining about how unfair the Treaty of Versailles was Versailles Treaty
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