1.3 Scope The analysis concerning the debate around the advance of biofuels is a broad task since the impacts deriving from their expansion entail several issues related to climate change, the environment and food security. Although biofuel impacts in the two comparing cases further problematize the policies and paradigms to tackle pressing global issues, this study focuses on the problems related to land rights and access linked to biofuels expansion. The study alternates between the growing problems with land tenure and access; and the sustainable practices of biofuels across the two evidenced cases. However, there are some other issues this paper has not taken in a more in-depth manner. One of those issues are related with Human Rights is relevant, however this study address it as one of the impacts linked to land grabbing and dispossession without further delve into this topic. On the other hand, although Clean Development Mechanisms are involved in analyzing the role of actors and policy framework, the study eschews to further assess if those biofuels are undermining the climate mitigation and adaptation policies due to methodological issues. Although the two case studies should not be interpreted as general; they do provide enough preliminary evidence that biofuels can be contradictory to their promise.
5 2. Theoretical Framework This chapter aims to present two analytical and theoretical approaches behind the impacts of biofuels in Honduras. Firstly, the theory can lead us to a new understanding of social life and set a new ground to study a phenomenon. A theory is thus defined as a set of well-developed concepts related through statements of relationships, which together constitute an integrated framework and can be used to explain and predict phenomena (Strauss & Corbin.1998: 15). The present chapter will provide a conceptual and analytical framework to shed light on the biofuels debate. Choosing a suitable framework is necessary to explain new attempt to take over land of peasants and indigenous people on the first case; and what is the approach that can best help us understand the impacts on The Gota Verde Project. First, the analysis shows specific factors and dynamics that are illustrated by the theoretical approaches reflected in both cases, which are depicted by the roles of actors that end up in those practices of sustainability and dynamics of land grabbing in both evidenced cases. The theoretical framework provides the concepts to compare across the units of analysis thus contributing to a valid explanation of the cases and its contrasting impacts. As this chapter aims to structure the framework for the analysis in order to explain and understand the impacts, it is key how those dynamics are reflected on the units of analysis across the cases for the comparative analysis. Therefore, the most important part of this framework is to demonstrate how the concepts and dynamics from the approaches are reflected on the impacts in order to understand the differences between the cases.
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