results in a distinct information advantage. This is achieved by integrating information-related capabilities into the early stages of developing operation plans, concepts of operations, and operations orders, and applying their capabilities across the full range of operations. Examples include overseeing various civil- military operations projects and military deception operations, conveying the approved U.S. or coalition task force message to the local populace, coordinating for both U.S. and foreign media events and press releases, and managing any positive or negative consequences resulting from current operations. 5-43. The future operations cell is effectively the program manager used for future planning needed for the expansion of current operations and programs. This cell provides the commander a wider range of possibilities or courses of action to make more of an influence on the ever-changing world and battlefield to come. The planning horizon for future operations may range from weeks to months. With only a small, dedicated cell of core planners under the direction of the operations warrant officer, all staff sections, centers, and cells assist as required, and then return to their normal duties. Whereas a JSOTF has a small group of core planners, a SOTF is not fully resourced for a plans cell and personnel balance future operations with other staff functions.
Employment 28 May 2014 FM 3-18 5-19 5-44. The special actions cell may be established within the fusion cell or as its own cell under the operations center. Special actions are those functions that, due to particular sensitivities, compartmentation, or caveats, cannot be conducted in normal staff channels and therefore require extraordinary processes and procedures and may involve the use of sensitive capabilities (JP 3-05.1). These actions are frequently interagency in nature, involve sensitive capabilities, and almost always are not releasable to coalition partners or allies. The special actions cell, under the direction of the SF warrant officer or a plans officer, may be manned with the operations and intelligence sergeant, the senior strategic debrief sergeant, counterintelligence personnel, and the intelligence sergeant. The special actions cell does not control intelligence functions that are normally purview to the intelligence staff officer, but coordinates special actions closely with the intelligence staff officer functions. Generally, the special actions cell will be responsible for the following functions: z Compartmented planning support. z Interagency/Special Mission Unit operational integration. z Advanced special operations. z Special operational support. z Special tactical operations. z Nonconventional assisted recovery. z Compartmented information management. Further description and information of the special actions cell and its responsibilities is found in JP 3-05.1.