Was the first tariff reduction since the civil war 14

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was the first tariff reduction since the Civil War. 14. The creation of the Federal Trade Commission was one of President Wilson ’s most significant achievements. 15. The Keating-Owen Child Labor Act prevented the employment of children under the age of sixteen. 16. The Nineteenth Amendment granted women the right to vote. 17. Margaret Sanger dedicated herself to educating women about birth control. 18. The writings of Charlotte Perkins Gilman exposed the inherent paternalism and sexism of early-twentieth-century America. 19. Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle , Lincoln Steffens’ The Shame of the Cities , Jacob Riis’ How the Other Half Lives , and Ida Tarbell’s The History of the Standard Oil Company were all books whose authors came to be called muckrakers , investigative writers who exposed financially dishonest corporations, unsavory practices by meatpackers, political corruption in city machines, unsafe working conditions in factories, and so on.
20. Frederick W. Taylor’s concept of scientific management dealt with the standardization of work tasks, such as working out the most efficient way to wield a shovel full of coal. 21. John Dewey and other advocates of Progressive Education Association embraced child-centered education, which referred to encouraging children to pursue their own interests rather than forcing them to memorize a curriculum. 22. Eugenics was the belief that people with undesirable genetic makeup should be sterilized. Chapter 20 I. Perspective Question (Your response should be 4-10 sentence in length.) What were some of the reasons given by those who supported imperialism in the 1900s. What were some reasons given by those who opposed it?
II. Key Concepts (The following questions can be answered with short-answer responses.) 1. In his famous 1893 essay, historian Frederick Jackson Turner bemoaned the loss of a frontier in America, because he believed that the frontier had played a vital role in shaping America's national character, and the country would need a new frontier to ensure the survival of its democracy . 2. In Our Country (1885), Reverend Josiah argued that America had a moral duty to take Christianity to those who had never heard of it. 3. The purchase of Alaska was known as "Seward's Folly."

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