them chose Saint Rocco as their patron saint Commissioned Jacopo Tintoretto to decorate School of San Rocco and rival Sistine Chapel in Rome Triumph of San Rocco , achieves role in heaven, goes up to God o Other cities in Central\Eastern Europe build plague columns By definition, looking at works by survivors, sense of horror and relief Works by victims would have more wrenching sense Plague as a Factor in European Intellectual History Some things not addressed in literature\unknowable but need to be addressed o What happened to those who recovered? Fertility affected? Long term sequelae\neurological deficits? Psychological effects(PTSD)? Were some speculative\large scale conclusions o 400 years of plague, impacted religion, culture, societal attitudes toward life and death, imprint on architecture\painting\sculpture Possibly the plague\triumph over it, factor in transforming European intellectual history 18th century\Age of Enlightenment, optimism\belief in progress required tangible material foundation Grounded in a new sense that life was becoming more secure, mankind could master its environment\destiny o First great medical\public health conquest resulted from power of the state, 18th century= state seen as a source of redeeming power\transform life and society Impetus towards reform\rethinking intellectually Medical history helped sound the end of old regime, demonstrated human capacity to make his own history
New faith in reason, creative potential of political power Rousseau= founder of modern revolutionary political thought, began his career in Venice, viewed it as a model regime Underwent quarantine in lazaretto at one time, spent it reflecting o Others question germ theory of history, not monocausal Conquest of plague not a direct cause or only cause of Enlightenment But conquest over plague first (smallpox second) influenced the Enlightenment First conquest of deadly and feared disease Triumph over plague first and then smallpox played a role in coming of industrial revolution Plague\smallpox were breaks on demographic growth, growth of economy 18th century, victories over both led to a great age of European population growth Population growth led to Industrial Revolution but not the only cause, one of many preconditions Growing population provided supply of free labor to factories\mines Provided a growing market for industrial productions, large home market for industry Next week, second major epidemic o Plague, most feared disease of 14-17th centuries o Smallpox most feared disease of 18th century Second great development of public health measure, vaccination
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