Fascism an ideology that combines an aggressive form

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Fascism: an ideology that combines an aggressive form of nationalism with a strong belief in the naturalness of inequality and opposition of liberal democracy and communism-1930’s and 1940’s -> fascist movements hitlers nazi party {which was a radical genocide} & mussoc in Italy-contrary to liberalism and socialism, society must be led by strong leaders (men just as Aristotleviewed) who can unite the nation and create a defence of some radically defined social order.-fascist sees liberal democracy as weak because they pander to the masses to gain their supportofascist people believe individuals are swayed by their emotions and not reason; and therefore can be swayed by democracies propaganda -fascists favour strong authoritarian leadership, arguing that natural leaders should be allowed free rein to rule in the interest of the nation-state Neo fascism:a revival of some of the characteristics of fascism in contemporary times includingethnic nationalism, opposition to immigrants, who have different racial and religious characteristics, and support for a populist leader who will take decisive action to strengthen the nationChapter 4Feminism-emphasize that social relations are deeply constituted by relations of inequality between men and womani)liberal feminism -> the focus is on equal opportunity in which woman should have the ability to make choices in their lives without being constrained by inequalities, particularly in domestic sphere.-Core source of inequality is that woman are given the responsibility to raise children andthis is constructed as their primary activity in life-woman’s paid work should be adapted to their unpaid work at home and it is out of this kind of thinking that you have woman leaving the workforce, unlick men to raise children; men continue withtheir career & with their lives even though they are father, work is the life.
Reactions of power-the environment is threatened by the domination and power of large-scale corporate organizations, as they are supported by the state, which exploit the environment for profit-From this perspective the environment cannot be sustained without removing the social powerof these institutions and organizationsFree market Environmentalism-this is an example of classical liberalism being applied to environmentalism-the owners of property will act to protect their property Fundamentalism-Christian fundamentalism; major impact, particularly in US politics, Christian evangelical leaders argue that the commitment of their followers should be to biblical principles not state laws is they are in conflict -ex. In the us tou have incidents where persons are refusing to serve gay people & refuse to clean gay, and gay couple homes they say it violates their biblical principles. State agencies argue they are violating discrimination laws.

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