citizens, and for benefactors of Athens, as a city and as a state.Finally, after the court’s dismissal of his mild punishment at the Pyrtaneum, Socratesconsiders imprisonment and banishment, before settling upon a punishment fine of100 drachmae. Given his poverty, this was a minor punishment compared to the deathpenalty proposed by the prosecutors, and encouraged by the judges of the trial. In defenceof Socrates, his supporters increased the amount of money to pay as a fine, from 100 to3,000 drachmae; nonetheless, to the judges of the trial of Socrates, a pecuniary fine wasinsufficient punishment for the philosopher Socrates, the social gadflyof Classical Athens.Part three: The judgement of the courtIn the Trial of Socrates, the judgement of the court was death for Socrates; most of thejurors voted for the death penalty (Apology38c), yet Plato provides no jury-vote numbers inthe text of the Apology of Socrates; but Diogenes Laërtiusreports that 360 jurors voted forthe death penalty and 140 jurors voted for a pecuniary fine for Socrates (2.42).Moreover,the politically provocative language and irreverent tone of Socrates’s self-defence speechangered the jurors and invited their punishment of him.Socrates responds to the death-penalty verdict by first addressing the jurors who voted forhis death. He says that their condemnation of him resulted not from a lack of arguments, butfrom a lack of time — and an unwillingness to pander for pity, as expected of a mancondemned to death. Socrates repeats that the prospect of death does not absolve himfrom following the path of goodness and truth. He prophesies that younger andharsher criticsshall follow in his stead, philosophers who will spur ethical conduct from thecitizens of Athens, in a manner more vexing than that of Socrates (39d).To the jurors who voted to acquit him, Socrates gives encouragement: hissupernatural daimoniondid not interfere with his conduct of the legal defence, which heviewed as a sign that such a defence was the correct action. In that way,the daimonioncommunicated to Socrates that death might be a good thing; either death isannihilation (release from earthly worry) and not to be feared, or death is migration (higherplane of existence) in which reside the souls of personages and heroes, suchas Hesiodand Homerand Odysseus. Socrates concludes his self-defence by saying to thecourt that he bears no ill-will, neither towards his accusers — Lycon, Anytus, and Meletus —nor the jurors. He asks that they ensure the well-being of his three sons, so that they learnto live ethically.