administration. Instead of KGB, we have FSB. I insist that the interpretation of late Soviet history should be changed profoundly. The KGB maintained huge networks of domestic spies . Hundreds of thousands of people were deployed at the right time, influencing the democracy movement. That system has been extended by Putin. I f you look at Russia from the outside you cannot discern who is manipulating the whole thing. Hundreds of thousands of assets are employed in politics and business. There is a hidden agenda and hidden structures . Even the Germans have not gotten rid of their hidden structures having to do with the Communist era. With all the German efforts and technology they still cannot solve the problem of hidden Communist structures. They are still being manipulated. Now take Russia, which was free to reconstruct its [totalitarian] structures under a different guise.” And what are the strategic implications ? “ They would be huge ,” said Kalashnikov. “You know, one thing people should understand. There is a definite line of continuity in Moscow’s military policies from Stalin’s time . Moscow has consistently followed the same line of policy. What is misleading for many people is that the material military presence is not there anymore. We don’t need so many tanks . The question is what sort of design, what sort of strategy you have in place. All of that Moscow has in terms of potentials. We see that the Russian presence is being reinstalled in some places – Latin America, Africa and the Middle East.” The important thing is manipulation and influence instead of direct control . In terms of modern strategy Russia’s reduced size brings advantages. Now Russia is not responsible for feeding Azerbaijan or providing cheap energy to the Baltic States or Ukraine. The KGB’s weapons of influence and manipulation , including organized crime and drug trafficking, can be used to influence and manipulate without maintaining expensive armies . And so, the Russians have learned how to streamline their dominance. Make the Americans think that Washington has the upper hand . But look around today and see what is happening to the American economy, to the U.S. dollar, and to the U.S. nuclear deterrent. There is a visible weakening in all three areas . 342
Nuclear Disarmament 2NC Russia Revisionist Russia’s aggressive expansion risks global destabilization and transition wars—the economic crisis won’t stop them Cohen ‘9 , (Ariel, Senior Research Fellow in Russian and Eurasian Studies and International Energy Security in the Douglas and Sarah Allison Center for Foreign Policy Studies, Heritage Foundation, “How the Obama Administration Should Engage Russia,” 3-19, ) Despite the economic crisis that provided a reality check for Moscow, Russia is doing its best to continue to pursue a broad, global, revisionist foreign policy agenda that seeks to undermine what it views as a U.S.-led international security architecture . Russia’s rulers want to achieve a world order in which Russia, China, Iran, Syria, and Venezuela will form a counter- weight to the United States.
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- Spring '17
- John Smith
- Cold War, ........., Nuclear weapon, Nuclear disarmament