At present there is a huge campaign on reuse of plastic bottles in the Maldives

At present there is a huge campaign on reuse of

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At present there is a huge campaign on reuse of plastic bottles in the Maldives, Ministry of education forbids students to take single use plastics into the school. Very little effort is put on 3R (Visvanathan and Norbu, 2006) some metal wastes are being exported to India (Kapmeier & Gonçalves, 2018). Finally, re-use and waste reduction are uncommon on the Maldives (Kapmeier & Gonçalves, 2018). In Malaysia recycling was emphasised and financial reward was given to them (Murad, W., & Siwar, C. (2007). On the contrary, people still continue to throw recyclable items into ordinary dustbins. General population find it difficult to Not separate recyclable and reusable items before throwing into waste bin. (Omran, A., & Gebril, A. O. (2011). Furthermore, lack of facilities for recycling is found to be an issue in Malaysia and many people are not aware of recycling and reusable items collection locations ( Omran & Gebril., 2011). Impact of waste management on human health PSYCHOSOCIAL STUDIES/ BN (Block)
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P a g e | 9 Increase in the number of population and increasing the demand for food and other needs have increased the amount of waste production. If the waste is not properly managed, it could cause several health problems. Especially the excreta, solid and liquid waste could spread infectious diseases in the community. Unsafe disposal of sewage could even contaminate the underground water layer. Most of the islands in Maldives are small and does not have a proper waste disposal mechanism and waste is mostly thrown in the sea and beach, this could result in the spread of infectious diseases such as diarrhea. Most of the solid waste are disposed by burning and the smoke would spread in to large area causing respiratory problems, irritation of the nose, eyes and skin, gastrointestinal problems, allergies and many more. Children, elderly, pregnant and the workers in the waste disposal are the high-risk groups. Also, for the community, the major risk to health are indirect and arise from the diseases spread by vectors, mainly mosquitoes, flies and rats. People at the highest risk of exposing to hazardous diseases due to waste are the workers working in the waste disposal area. If appropriate preventive measures are not taken, they could get physical injuries such as burns and cuts, inhalation of smoke and other chemicals and carcinogens might cause cancer and other chronic health problems later in their life. Disposal of waste and chemicals in to the sea, river and lakes put the marine life as well as the human at risk. Mercury toxicity from consuming fish with high level of mercury is an example. Improper disposal of chemicals, plastics, toxins, radioactive substances and hospital waste create potential risk to human health. Exposing to carcinogens and chemicals could cause congenital malformations, low birth weight, neurological diseases, cancers and various other conditions. Due to these health hazards, responsible authorities must organize, as well as individual citizens should practice safe methods of waste disposal.
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