bait and switch that Giuseppe will make it known that my tutelage has not been

Bait and switch that giuseppe will make it known that

This preview shows page 78 - 80 out of 280 pages.

bait-and-switch, that Giuseppe “will make it known that my tutelage has not been in vain in his learning the most difficult profession of architecture.” Indeed,Vanvitelli sowed Europe with his pupils, sending Antonio Rinaldi and Luigi Rusca to Russia, and Francesco Sabbatini to Spain along with his own sons, Francesco and Pietro. Piermarini was duly invested in 1769 as the Imperial Royal Architect of Hapsburg Lombardy over which he held a kind of architectural monopoly. He supervised dozens of projects while his example significantly raised the standards of professionalism in the region. Piermarini understood implicitly Kaunitz’s economic limits, and managed to provide both infrastructural and stylistic coherence to Milan. The restructuring of the Palazzo Ducale in 1773 is indicative of Piermarini’s strengths. Pre-existing foundations were used to reconfigure the old building with a generous forecourt opening toward the cathedral.A distribution of half-columns and pilasters lend the exterior a stately economy, with balanced horizontal and vertical accents. Interior decorations, finished in 1778 by Piermarini’s trusted stuccoist Giocondo Albertolli, lend verve exactly where the architecture is in danger of becoming monotonous. Piermarini also built Ferdinand a country house in Monza outside Milan with a tree-lined avenue 15 kilometers long to link the Villa Reale to the capital. In the spirit of Hapsburg enlightened rule, Piermarini was also put in charge of the reform of key cultural institutions, both administratively and architecturally. For the new Accademia Virgiliana at Mantua, in which all that city’s scientific, literary, and artistic groups were conglomerated, Piermarini restructured the building with its baroque theater behind a classical facade. Similar decrees changed Milan’s old educational institutions of the arts. In 1776, the expropriated Jesuit monastery of the Brera was designated as the seat 78 the architecture of modern italy
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for a new Accademia di Belle Arti. Piermarini was in charge not only of the architectural adaptation but also the building of the faculty. He gathered a distinguished group of professionals including Albertolli for the chair of Ornato , a concept of artistic decorum on the measure of everything from domestic interiors to urban planning.Through his power over these institutions, Piermarini systematically engineered the regeneration of the region’s architectural practice. Milan’s entire urban structure became a venue for the Hapsburg program in architectural and social improvements.The city’s system of canals was improved; roads were straightened, widened, and leveled.The road from Vienna and the Corso di Porta Orientale were embellished with new toll gates and public gardens. By 1778, Milan was endowed with its first comprehensive urban design, drawn up principally by Piermarini and Albertolli.Throughout Italy, the state— in the person of its ruler—usually took the lead in building and planning, but only in Milan do we find also a social class
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  • Spring '17
  • Archt. De Veyra

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