Chapter 01, Multiple Choice.pdf

Which of the following statements is most accurate a

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45. Which of the following statements is most accurate? A) A given theory should generate multiple hypotheses. B) A given hypothesis should only generate one theory. C) If a hypothesis derived from a theory is disproven, then the theory itself should be discarded. D) Theories cannot be revised once they have been used. 46. In science, _____ are the content of the observations that have been made and replicated by scientists, while _____ are the explanations given by scientists for that content. 47. According to stereotype threat theory, why will a member of a group that is negatively stereotyped for performance on a task feel threatened when he or she is performing that task?
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48. Jacob is a male blue-collar worker attending a group therapy session. He knows that people from his background are thought of as not being in touch with their feelings and having quick tempers. During the session, he worries about how he will appear, and he ends up getting angry and losing his temper as a result of this anxiety. Jacob's case is an example of: 49. What is a reason posited by stereotype threat theory for shortfalls in performance by members of stigmatized groups? A) Members of stigmatized groups are threatening to members of majority groups, who then stereotype the stigmatized group members. B) Because of constant exposure to stereotypes, members of stigmatized groups have stopped caring about their performance. C) Members of stigmatized groups experience more threats on a day-to-day basis. D) Situations that remind stigmatized group members of negative stereotypes about their group cause them to worry about their performance. 50. A researcher believes that the more neurotic a person is, the more that person will tend to experience negative emotions. This is an example of a:
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