winter. Meanwhile, 2nd group of 83 colonists landed at Fort Churchill by mistake. Marched to york in winter, this killed many. Spring 1814 they arrived at the red river valley. Macdonnell issued the pemmican proclamation to make sure the colonists had food supply. It effectively banned the sale and export of pemmican form the Red River. The Metis, who relied on the proceeds of selling pemmican to the NWC, were infuriated. THis proclamation also ran contrary to Lord Selkirk's instructions to macdonnell:”keep clear of...the NWC”. spring 1814, the NWC and the Metis, under the direction of the NWC Chief Trader Duncan Cameron, were retaliating. Harassed the colonists by burning buildings, trampling crops, and firing rifles at night. Cameron personally convinced 133 colonists to leave
Socials Notes for Final Exam early 1815. They were taken to Fort William by canoe. Remaining colonists left in June and made their way to jack River House at the north end of lake Winnipeg. Under Colin Robertsons command, and HBC trader who had once worked for the NWC, the colonists returned to Red River by summer's end. Robertson also made peace with the Metis. And NWC. in fall, a new governor, Robert Semple arrived with 84 new colonists .Robertson wanted Semple to remain on guard for possible attacks, but he did not. Semple attacked and burned the then empty NWC fort gibraltar. Metis and selkirk colonists declared war. May 1816, group of Metis, led by Cuthbert Grant, raided a brigade of HBC boats on the Assiniboine River. They seized pemmican supply. A month later Grant and a party of Metis arrived at the Red River Colony. Were better armed and trained in military discipline this time, and they firmly believed they had more claim to the area than recently arrived colonists. Grant-intelligent, well-educated leader, employee at the NWC. Semple and 28 men rode out to confront the metis. The metis split into 2 groups, one in front of the colonists, one behind. 15 minutes, semple and 20 of his men, but 1 metis were killed. This was called the battle of the seven oaks. When the situation at Red RIver deteriorated, sel travelled west from montreal to visit his colony for the first time. Hired a group of 95 swiss merchants, planning them land to offer. Spring 1817, selkirk made treaty with local Ojibwa and cree nations, gaining possession over Red River Valley along both the the red river and the Assiniboine river. Selkirks payment was 100 pounds of tobacco a year. When selkirk returned to london in late 1817, he was confronted by a deluge of lawsuits arising from the actions of his employees in the red river. Next three years, he battled the NWC in the courts. Worn out by his litigation, he dies in the spring of 1820, just short of his forty ninth birthday. The Merger Of The HBC and the NWC: conflict between both companies over lord selkirk red river colony was a part of a larger struggle for commercial control of the northwest. 1820, both companies suffered financially. Lawsuits over the red river colony dragged for three years in british courts and at great expense. The 200 year old fur trade was rapidly depleting its resource base, not enough fur in the northwest to justify full scale operations by both companies.