ll in di,idua ls 111at ch their perso n al ities to a job. Exhi bit 5-5 describ es the six types, their perso nality c hara ct er istic s. and exa mples of the con- gruent occ upa ti ons for each. Ho ll and develo ped th e Vo c atio nal Pref ere n ce ln ve1110r y qu es ti o nn a ir e, which co ntains 1 60 occ upational ti tl es. R es po nd e nt s indic at e which th ey like o r d is li ke, an rl th e ir answers form pers o na li ty p ro files. R es earch s upp o rt ~ the Exhibit 5-5 Holland's Typology of Personality and Congruent Occupations Type Realistic: Prefers physical activities t h at require sk ill, stre ngth , and coordin at ion Investigative: Prefers acti vities that invo lve t hin king, organ izing, and understanding So cial: Prefers activities that involve help ing and developing o ther s Co nvention al: Pre fer s rule -regulated, orde rl y, and un amb i guou s activities E nterprising: Prefe rs ve rb al activities in w hi ch there are opportunities to influence ot he rs and atta in p owe r Artist ic: Pr efers ambiguou s a nd unsystema ti c activit i es tha t allow crea tiv e expression Personal ity Characteristics Shy, genuine, pers is tent, stable, co nfor mi ng, practical Analyti cal, original, cu rio u s, independent Sociabl e, friend l y, cooperat ive, understand in g Conform in g, effic ient , practical, unimaginativ e, inflexible Self-con fident, ambitio us, ener geti c, domin eering Imaginative, disorderl y, idealis ti c, emot io nal, impractical Congruent Occupations ___ _ Mechanic, dri ll p ress operato r, assembly- lin e worke r, farmer Biolog is t , economi st, ma the matician, news r eporter Soc ial worker, teacher, counselor, cl inical p sy c holog is t Accou nta n t, co rporate manager , bank te ll er, file clerk Lawyer, real estate agent, pu bli c rel at ions specialist, small bu siness ma n ager Pa int er, musician, wri te r, interior decorator
140 PART 2 The Individual E xhibit 5-6 Relationships among Occupational Personality Types a c: .Q ~u > c: 0 u Source· Repri nted by special perm issi on of the publ isher, Psycholog ical Assessment Resources Inc , from Mak ing Vocational Choices, copyright 1973, 1985, 1992 by Ps ychological Asses"""'1t Resources , Inc All ri ghts reseNed re ulting h exago nal di ag ram shown in Ex hibit 5-6, even after taking personal- i ty into a cco unt. 76 The clo er two fi elds or or ie nt a ti on are in the h exago n, the more co mp atible they ar e. Adja ce nt ca t ego ri es arc quit e imilar, wh ereas di ago - na ll y o pp osite ones are highly di ss imila r. What do cs a ll this mean? Th e th eo ry argues that sa ti sfactio n is hi ghest a nd t urn over lowest when personali ty a nd occ up a ti on are in ag r ee men t. A reali st ic per so n in a rea li s ti c j ob is in a more cong ru e nt situ at i on th an a rea li s ti c per so n in an investigat iv e job. A rea li stic per so n in a social job i in the m os t incongru- e nt situa ti o n po ible. The key poi nL oft hi. model is th at p eo ple in job cong ru - e nt \v ith their per on ality sho uld be more at i fi ed a nd le ss li kcl)' to vo lunt ar il y
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