Human beings define each others actions instead of

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“Human beings define each other’s actions instead of just reacting” Reality is shaped by those definitions/perceptions Tug of war between dominate and subordinate groups’ definitions Social structure The way a society is organized into predictable relationships, patterns Five basic elements   statuses, social roles, groups, social networks, social  institutions. Statuses Ascribed, assigned by society without regard to individuality Achieved, based on one’s own efforts Master, status which overshadows others   disabilities, illness Social roles Expectations for people who occupy a given social position or status
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But not everyone performs similarly Role conflict Incompatible expectations from  two or more  social positions held by the same person Role strain When the  same  social position is conflicting Role Exit Disengaging yourself from a central role  in your life to establish a new one Four stages Doubt – frustration with current role Search for alternatives Action – turning point when you actively change Creation of a new identity Groups People with similar norms/values/expectations who interact regularly Link individuals to larger society Primary group – intimate association and cooperation Secondary group – little social intimacy or understanding In-group – group to which people feel they belong Out-group – group to which people feel they do NOT belong In-group virtues = out-group vices Reference group – group used by individuals to evaluate themselves
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Coalition – temporary or permanent alliance toward common goal Social Networks Series of social relationships that links a person directly to others and through them,  indirectly to still more people “Networking” very valuable for finding employment Virtual worlds Electronic social networks that allow people to “network” without face-to-face interaction Can open one up to different cultures and backgrounds Help one preserve real world networks that may otherwise be interrupted Social institutions Organized patterns of beliefs centered on basic social needs Gives insight into the structure of a society Functionalist view: institutions… Replace personnel Teach new recruits, schools, or peer groups Produce and distribute goods and services   satisfy needs of members Preserve order, failure leads to death of culture Provide/maintain sense of purpose   fulfill first 4 ^^^^ Ex. Patriotism in economic crisis, going to Obama’s inauguration These don’t say  how  to perform each task, just  what  the tasks are Conflict view Institutions, to meet basic social needs, must be efficient and desirable
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Major institutions maintain power/powerlessness Ex. Education being financed by property taxes
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