Civil religion set of beliefs symbols and rituals that pervade many aspects of

Civil religion set of beliefs symbols and rituals

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Civil religion– set of beliefs, symbols, and rituals that pervade many aspects of secular life and institutions
oInvolves a shared public faith in the nation and what the nation stands foroThey endorse what the nation stands foroInstitutionalized set of beliefs about a nation’s past, present, and future with corresponding set of rituals that take on a sacred quality and elicit feelings of patriotismoMost notable during times of crisis, war, and national holidaysoLacks the structural system of organized religion in industrial societies, but it is often supported by various types of patriotic groupsoCivil religion tends to strengthen the sense of belonging of all citizen as members of that societyKnow the connection between religion and the development of capitalist economies in the west and the connections between economic conditions and religious trends.Civil religion– forges ties between religion and a nation’s needs for political interestsoMoral justification for policy: manifest destiny, war on terror…oIn God We Trust (Civil War)/One Nation Under God (50s Cold War)oCall for social change: Anti-apartheid, civil rights movement, social justice, sanctuary movement, “peace” movement…Max Weber– Protestantism and capitalism:oPredestinationo“The calling”oSelf denial and delayed gratificationoIndividualismReligion is a big business in the United StatesWhen the economy is bad, religions arise that predict a swift end to the worldText chapter 14Know the claims and limitations of Malthusian Theory-especially know the definition of concepts like positive checks.Malthusian theory– humans are driven to reproduce so population will increase exponentially unless checks are imposedoSince population increases geometrically but food supplies only increase arithmetically, crises will resultoPositive checks on population– wars, diseases, food, shortages and faminesSaying these need to happen to keep population level with food productionPositive checksto him were things that would kill off parts of the population, which would keep the population stableoMalthus suggested delayed marriage and abstinence until one could afford a familyoFirst to introduce theory of overpopulation (too many people for world) which will cause us to run out of food, etcCriticisms:oNew agricultural techniques allowed food production to increase geometricallyoMalthus failed to recognize contraception as a possible check on population growth
oPoverty does not inevitably result from population growthoMalthus ignored the consumption patterns of industrialized nations and colonization practices and just blamed the scarcity of resources on the rapid population growth of poor developing nationsKnow the stages and criticisms of demographic transition theory.

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