Kill your own citizens If you can do extreme things in your state without

Kill your own citizens if you can do extreme things

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Kill your own citizens If you can do extreme things in your state without repercussion, then you are a sovereign state The U.S.? Yes. capital punishment. Pretend the U.S. decide to drop nuclear weapon to new jersey, what would be the international reaction? Nothing Reciprocity - they all agree that you own your own people How did it all start up? It’s a new idea 3-4 hundred years history Monarchy was the past Individual people own sovereign power, which is reinforced by god Handed down by pope or priest Divine right of kings If you can claim the ultimate power(god) supports you, there’s no other question Sovereignty has changed rapidly Shift 1 - rule over peoples to rule over place Europeans were fighting each other constantly So they drew lines to separate each other This whole concept is nation-state Shift 2 - shift from individuals to people holding the power At the same time, there is a shift away from individual to the people themselves over the sovereignty People have power over themselves They are like government The european were the power over the world, so their system was implemented around the world But the only true power is defendability
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Based on raw power Exception to the rule: you can have strong ally like serbia had russia But, even this is changed in the last 60 years, due to international institutions, mostly the united nations Shift 3 - defendability to recognition How to do that? The united nations To become a sovereign state in today’s world, simply get a resolution recognized by the united nations Like Grenada, Palau, Vatican city Some places will never be a sovereign state UN permanent security council A group of 5 countries US UK Chinakond they all recognize each other, so that there aren’t any more reasons to fight unless they refuse to recognize sovereignty Examples like saddam hussein, former president of Iraq when he invaded Kuwait, a sovereign state 1991 The united states in particular The world agreed that he violated the rules But the rules also undoing the concept of sovereignty itself, like managing conduct of the ruler to the people in the states, protection of human rights War crimes, crimes against humanity, crimes of aggression, genocide Why? 20th century was the worst century, people could see this. The holocaust by Nazi. 6 million jews were killed. Japanese cruelty in china, vietnam and philippines. The world said this can never happen again 1945 UN charter said this can’t happen Genocide is further strengthened by the UN law If it occurs, then the UN will be forced to stop it It did serious damage to the sovereignty standard For the last couple decades Because of the united states Bill Clinton: reshaping the concept of sovereignty 1994 Rwandan Genocide (in Africa) UN was terrified The united states and UN said it’s a random acts of genocide 1995 yugoslavia, the Serbs were conducting acts of genocide in Bosnia The U.S. said it can’t happen The U.S. and the NATO intervene in Bosnia in 1995 1999 US and NATO intervene Serbia, stopped Slobodan Milosevic, former Serbian President from conducting genocide in Kosovo Bush:
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