When work at el algodonal is completed the same

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addressed as described under "analytical methods". When work at El Algodonal is completed, the same sequence of steps will be applied to Loreto Viejo, but on a shorter schedule and on a smaller scale. Although the site is larger than El Algodonal, mapping, surface collection, and analysis of surface collections are not expected to take any longer because alluviation has covered many surface details and the sherd density is low. Analytical methods Count, weight, type, and provenience of all artifacts will be entered into computer files in the field lab by a Peruvian typist to reduce the cost and delay of data entry in the United States and to allow basic in-field analysis. Area, volume, and interpreted context (occupation deposit, midden, fill, mixed) will be entered for each provenience for standardization of artifact densities. Each of the major research questions will be addressed as follows: A. Motivation : Evidence of production, storage, and control of stored products will suggest the 6
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function of the colonies and the motivation for establishing them. This evidence will be compared to a baseline of local production, storage, and control patterns at nearby Chiribaya sites currently being excavated by David Jessup of the Programa Contisuyu, to detailed production and consumption data gathered by the Upper Mantaro Archaeological Research Project, and to other sites in the literature. These comparisons will suggest, for example, whether the total volume of storage features at the colonies is unusually high, whether production and storage activities are abnormally concentrated in areas subject to administrative control, and whether there is an unusual emphasis on certain production activities or crops. Evidence considered will include the quantity, nature, contents, and architectural context of storage features, and the variable densities of tools associated with production tasks, such as hoes, stone drills, and grinding equipment. To test whether the colonies produced surplus low-altitude crops for export, food evidence from domestic consumption contexts such as in-house storage, middens, and crusts inside cooking vessels will be compared to evidence of food in public or controlled- access storage contexts and evidence of food production such as agricultural hoes, stone blades with sickle gloss, and grinding equipment. A marked difference in the crop inventories in consumption and production/storage contexts would suggest production for export. The total potential production of various crops will be estimated by using catchment analysis combined with the types and densities of agricultural tools found. An analysis of population size and consumption patterns will suggest total potential consumption of various crops. Comparing the two analyses will suggest which crops could have been produced in significant surplus, and which might have offered the best returns.
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  • Fall '02
  • BruceOwen
  • Radiocarbon dating, Tiwanaku, tiwanaku colonies, tiwanaku expansion

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