by stimulating the liver to change glycogen into glucose to be released into the blood stream Insulin: responds to high sugar levels; it allows glucose to enter the cells so that they can use energy, and when it is not needed immediately it stimulates the change of glycogen to glucose in the liver to store for future use Adrenal Glands: Corticosteroids: steroid hormones ALD: regulates salt levels and water levels Androgens: minimal hormones that influence characteristics of sex 21
HIT111 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS Cortisol: regulates carbohydrates, fats and proteins Gonads: Epinephrine (adrenaline): makes heart beat faster, stimulates the sympathetic nervous system, raises blood pressure, aids the liver in releasing of sugar and limits insulin Norepinephrine: involved in fight or flight by rasies blood pressure, strengthens heartbeat and stimulates the contractions of muscles. Source: Ehrlich, A. & Schroeder C. (2009). Medical Terminology for Health Professions. 380- 391. Clifton Park: Delmar Cengage Learning. Question #2: Review the outpatient encounter of Margaret Smith, accomplish the following and report in your findings and comments in your post. A. Go to the A.D.A.M. multimedia encyclopedia and click on Research a disease or condition . Under hypothyroidism , read all the material under the main headings. Look at the four images. B. After reading the material, summarize or paraphrase any information that you use in response to the discussion questions this week. Be sure and cite your source appropriately. Do not copy and paste information. C. Discuss possible causes of Margaret's hypothyroidism. What are some early symptoms of this disorder? What are the risk factors for developing hypothyroidism? Answer #2: Margaret Smith is suffering symptoms of fatigue, weight gain, hyper- sensitivity of cold temperatures, joint and muscle pain, dry/cracked skin, and depression. These symptoms are particularly bothersome for her because she has maintained the weight of 140lbs for 30 years, but just recently gained 20lbs. She will get an enough hours sleep and still feel tired, wear a jacket even in normal room temperature rooms, and applies lotion two times a day with still no relief. Hypothyroidism is a condition that is more common in people over fifty and women, and is typically due from the condition called thyroiditis. Although hypothyroidism can be due to other reasons like viral and respiratory infections, pregnancy, cancer treatments, different surgeries, and the immune system attacking the thyroid. Hypothyroidism happens when the thyroid isn’t working effectively enough to produce the required amount of the thyroid hormone. It is a good thing Margaret came in to the doctors office when she did because her symptoms match those of a patient with hypothyroidism. All of her symptoms fall into the category of early symptoms of hypothyroidism. Other early symptoms include difficulty to defecate, paleness, weakness, and heavier or irregular periods. If hypothyroidism is left untreated symptoms will get worse. The late symptoms
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