IOM Somalia Research on Youth Employment and Migration C M IGRATION I NTENTIONS

Iom somalia research on youth employment and

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IOM Somalia - Research on Youth, Employment and Migration C. M IGRATION I NTENTIONS Many youth are reluctant to admit migration intentions prior to departure (See Box 0.1 ). Nonetheless, both quantitative and qualitative research found that many youth do have a plan to migrate. Of the youth interviewed, 1 in 5 youth - 21% - reported planning to move abroad and 7% planning to migrate internally. Qualitative research suggests that the portion of youth planning to migrate is higher. Case study respondents, for example, nearly unanimously stated that they wished to go abroad, so did FGD respondents. Key informants similarly underlined the frequency of migration. In Garowe, this phenomenon was illustrated: “It is very common, sure that if we go to the six nearest houses we will find at least one who has gone to Europe. Nearly each and every day a neighbour leaves.” 17 While such statements are naturally difficult to objectively assess Figure 12 – Youth intention to migrate by gender KEY DIFFERENTIATORS IN MIGRATION INTENTIONS The quantitative research is most interesting not in its evaluation of the prevalence of intentions to leave but rather in what it suggests about who wants to migrate and why – i.e., comparisons amongst those who admit to migration intentions. Overall, 72% of youth respondents state not having any plans to move to another location. 21% have plans to move abroad, while only 7% intend to move to another place within Somalia. Several primary factors stand out as differentiating who wanted to migrate and where they wanted to go. 17 KAALO KII, 06.12.14
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28 IOM Somalia - Research on Youth, Employment and Migration Figure 13 - Migration plans by current location Figure 14 - Migration plan by history Migration history – Migrants with different migration histories report different migration intentions. Those who had already migrated internally were much more likely to report the wishes to do so again, often citing desire to reunite with family as the main reason for their move. This suggests that internal migration from the major cities of Somaliland and Puntland is primarily a return to one’s place of origin. This is important to note in considering measures to reduce migration or mitigate factors prompting migration, as internal migration will presumably not respond to the same campaigns as other forms of migration. Even negative previous experiences abroad do not dissuade youth from trying again. “I travelled to Ukraine in 2009 on a student visa with the aim of crossing into western Europe. However, at my first attempt, I was arrested at the border and jailed for 6 months and then released. I came back and currently enrolled in a nursing school and I also want to live here for a few more years before heading back.” (Male FGD participant, educated youth, Hargeysa) Geographic differentiator – Differences in migration intentions by location reflect common migration paths. More people aspire to move from Puntland than from Somaliland. Figure 13 highlights the importance of Bossasso as a departure
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  • Fall '17
  • IOM, Human migration, Somaliland

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