The rule of neutrality applies to all definitions and

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The rule of neutrality applies to all definitions and states that the definition of the word or phrase must avoid the use of emotional language or euphemisms. In this case, there is no emotional language or euphemisms. See p. 186. Passage 11 1. b) Non-conventional. A conventional definition is one where the meaning of the word or phrase is specified and deviates at least somewhat from its ordinary meaning. In this case, there is no indication that the meaning is meant to deviate from the ordinary one. See pp. 178–181. 2. a) Intensional. An intensional definition is one where the meaning of the word or phrase is specified by picking out features or properties. In this case, “hope” is defined not by pointing to objects, but to features that hope has. See pp. 178–181. 3. a) Yes. The rule of equivalence applies to non-conventional definitions and states that the definition of the word or phrase must be equivalent to the standard or expected meaning. In this case, although the definition is complicated, it seems to fit the usual meaning of the term. See pp. 184–185. 4. a) Yes. The rule of essential characteristics applies to intensional definitions and states that the definition of the word or phrase must pick out important or essential features, rather than insignificant or tangential ones. In this case, the feature identified doesn’t seem tangential. See pp. 185. 5. b) No. The rule of clarity applies to all definitions and states that the definition of the word or phrase must help to clarify or explain its meaning. In this case, the definition is overly complicated and introduces more terms that would likely need to be defined. See pp. 185– 186. 6. a) Yes. The rule of neutrality applies to all definitions and states that the definition of the word or phrase must avoid the use of emotional language or euphemisms. In this case, the definition appears neutral. See p. 186.
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