Operant conditioning uses operant or voluntary behavior

Operant conditioning uses operant or voluntary

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Operant conditioning uses operant or voluntary behavior .
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Reinforcement/Punishment Reinforcement - Any consequence that increases the likelihood of the behavior Punishment - Any consequence that decreases the likelihood of the behavior it follows The subject determines if a consequence is reinforcing or punishing Positive = Addition of something Negative = The removal of something
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Positive Reinforcement Strengthens a response by presenting a stimulus that you like after a response The subject receives something they want (added)
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Positive Reinforcement
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Negative Reinforcement Strengthens a response by reducing or removing an aversive (disliked) stimulus Something the subject doesn’t like is removed (subtracted)
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Negative Reinforcement
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Punishment P unishment by application - you add an unpleasant stimulus as a consequence (and the response is weakened) Punishment by removal - you remove a pleasant stimulus as a consequence (and the response is weakened)
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Concept Check What type of learning has occurred? Police pulling drivers over and giving prizes for buckling up Positive reinforcement
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Concept Check What type of learning has occurred? Suspending a basketball player for committing a flagrant foul Punishment (by removal)
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Concept Check What type of learning has occurred? You win a $1,000.00 scholarship for your high GPA. Positive reinforcement
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Concept Check What type of learning has occurred? You put on your sunglasses because the bright sun is making your eyes hurt. negative reinforcement
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Concept Check What type of learning has occurred? Scolding a child for playing in the street punishment (by application)
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Concept Check What type of learning has occurred? You really want to pass this class so you never have to sit through it again. negative reinforcement
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Shaping Reinforcement of behaviors that are more and more similar to the one you want to occur Used to establish a new behavior
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Primary Reinforcement Something that is naturally reinforcing because it is needed Examples: food, warmth, water, etc.
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Secondary Reinforcement Something that a person has learned to value or finds rewarding because it is paired or associated with a primary reinforcer.
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