Study by Blittner et Al 1978 They signed them to a smoking programme and made

Study by blittner et al 1978 they signed them to a

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Study by Blittner et. Al (1978) They signed them to a smoking programme and made them fill a questionnaire. They told one group they selected them based on their answers as it showed they had a lot of will power and discipline. The other group was told they can’t take everyone, so they were randomly chosen. Some people were told they were on a waiting list. The first two groups participated in the same 14-week programme to help them leave smoking. There wasn’t any difference in these people. At the end of the programme they found that 67% of people who told had high SE managed to quit. The other group had just 28% quitters. 6% of wait-listers managed to quit on their own. After a 1year follow up they noticed high SE people were able to maintain their smoke free status. October 24’2019 SELF-EVALUATION MAINTENANCE MODEL (TESSER 1980) People have a need to feel good about themselves. People in collectivist societies are more critical about themselves how we feel about ourselves at anytime is based on 2 processes 1. reflection reflection is based on basking in glory for another person's achievement our closeness to the component is an ingredient of reflection. Also, how well they have performed or their high level of performance. People tend to post about
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people we are close to an exaggerated performance and the level of closeness they have For example, parents bragging about their children's achievements 2. comparison are self esteem can suffer is if someone close to us is doing well. their performance threatens us, and lowers are self esteem. Process we choose is based on relevant that is how well it is important for us to perform well in that domain. when the domain matters to us, someone else performing well in our area could feel very threatening. when we are comparing, doesn't feel good so we will take steps to restore our self esteem. 3 Options to restore our self esteem are- 1. reduce relevance- try to convince oneself that it is not that important to perform in that area 2. reduce closeness - try to pull away and create distance between that person and you 3. change performance- either by taking steps to improve your own performance or by taking steps to hinder another person's perform Tesser and Campbell (1980)
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In this study the experimenters came to the lab and were told another person will be their partner for the experiment. 2 tests were done – a) social sensitivity test – the subjects had to respond to different social situations, and they were told high scores were good at helping professions. b) artistic judgement test - the subjects were told that people who scored high on this test tend to be successful artists or architects. before taking the test, the subjects were asked how important it for them was to be high in social sensitivity an artistic judgment. this question was asked to check relevance. The participants were told that the one who took test one performed same on the test and their performance was below average. After taking the test, they were told that they did better on their second test. the results showed whichever test you were outperformed, you
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