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represent them in the Congress. And on different timetables in different states, voters similarly try to send their preferred candidates to their state legislature. When the Congress or a state legislature creates a new law, it is called a statute.●Civil and Criminal law○Imagine that Barry Battery punches you in the face for no good reason. Two different kinds of lawsuits might follow. The first is that you might bring a civil action against Barry and seek damages (money) to compensate you for your medical bills, pain and suffering, and the like. Civil laws cover rights and duties among private people and companies.(If you file a civil lawsuit, you will be the plaintiff. Barry, who will defend himself against your complaint, will be the defendant.) Second, the government might prosecute Barry in a criminal action and seek to levy fines, impose probation, or sentence Barry to time in prison. Criminal laws allow for the government to impose fines, imprisonment, and occasionally, the death penalty.Key Concept 2 Law and Ethics: What is the relationship between law and ethics?●Soldano v. O’Daniels - Video in Notes○Case about guy that gets shot wants to use a bartender's phone and the bartender says no. Is the bartender liable? No
Because Soldano is the first case, we digress here to offer some tips for studying the featured cases. (And yes, the cases are fair game for the exam.)○Each case begins with a solid line, and then a centered/bolded/capitalized name of the case. Soldano starts at the top of page 15 of the e-book version of the text. Just below the case name is the case citation. For this case, it is California Court of Appeals, 190 Cal.Rptr. 310 (1983).○This case was decided in a Court of Appeals in the state of California in 1983. If you wanted to see the full opinion (we tend to edit cases substantially, trimming perhaps 20 pages or more down to two or three), you could enter 190 Cal.Rptr. 310 into a search engine to bring it right up.