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Salam has a vast potential in financing the

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Salam has a vast potential in financing the productive activities in crucial sectors, particularly agriculture, agro-based industries and the rural economy as a whole. It also provides incentive to enhance production as the seller would spare no effort in producing, at least the quantity needed for settlement of the loan taken by him as advance price of the goods. Salam can also lead to creating a stable commodities market especially the seasonal commodities and therefore to stability of their prices. It would enable savers to direct their savings to investment outlets without waiting, for instance, until the harvesting time of agricultural products or the time when they actually need industrial goods and without being forced to spend their savings on consumption. Banks might engage in fund and portfolio management through a number of asset management and leasing & trading companies. Such companies/entities can exist in the economy on their own or can be an integral part of some big companies or subsidiaries, as in the case of Universal Banking in Europe. They would manage Investors Schemes to mobilize resources on Mudarabah basis and to some extent on agency basis, and use the funds so collected on Murabaha, leasing or equity participation basis. Subsidiaries can be created for specific sectors/operations, which would enter into genuine trade and leasing transactions. Low- risk Funds based on short-term Murabaha and leasing operations of the banks in both local as well as foreign currencies would be best suited for risk-averse savers who cannot afford possible losses, in PLS based investments. Under equity based Funds, banks can offer a type of equity exposure through specified investment accounts where they may identify possible investment opportunities from existing or new business clients and invite account-holder to subscribe. Instead of sharing in the bank’s profit, the investors would share the profits of the enterprise in which funds are placed with the bank taking a management fee for its work. Banks can also offer open-ended Multiple Equity Funds to be invested in stocks. Small and medium enterprises (SME) sector has a great potential for expanding production capacity and self-employment opportunities in the country. Enhancing the role of financial sector in development of SME sub-sector could mitigate the serious problems of unemployment and low level of exports. The banks may introduce ‘SME Financing Funds’ with various geographical locations. The corporate sector and the commercial banks may set up a network of such Funds under the aegis of SECP by establishing institutions under syndicate arrangements or otherwise. Q7. What are the features of State Bank’s Islamic Export Refinance Scheme? Ans. State Bank of Pakistan has introduced a Musharakah-based Islamic Export Refinance Scheme (IERS) to meet the export financing requirements of banks conducting operations under Islamic Modes. IBIs can avail this facility under both parts of SBP’s Export Finance Scheme (EFS). The framework of the IERS is based on the concept of Profit & Loss Sharing. The State Bank shares the actual profit of the Musharakah pool of the Islamic Bank. However, in case the actual profit of the pool is more than ongoing rates under
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Salam has a vast potential in financing the productive...

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