5 Extensive Injury Physical injury involving greater area of the body beyond

5 extensive injury physical injury involving greater

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5) Extensive Injury Physical injury involving greater area of the body beyond the site of the application of force. It has not only the wide area of injury but also the varied types of injury. A fall from a height or a run-over victim of vehicular accident may suffer from multiple fractures, laceration of organs, and all types of skin injuries. When a stationary head is hit by moving object, there is tendency for the development of contusion on the brain at the site of impact. When the moving head hits a firm, fixed and hard object, brain contusion may develop at the opposite of the site of impact. A coup-contre-coup location of brain injury may be found when a fixed head is hit with a moving object and then falls on another hard object. 6. As to Regions or Organs of the Body 1) Head and Neck 2) Injuries in the Chest 3) Abdominal Injuries 4) Pelvic Injuries 5) Extremities 7. Special Types of Wounds 1) Defense Wound Wound which is the result of a person’s instinctive reaction of self- protection. Injuries suffered by a person to avoid or repel potential injury contemplated by the aggressor. A person who is conscious that he is going to be hit by a blunt instrument on the head may raised his flexed forearms over his head, causing injuries to the forearms. If someone is going to stab another with a sharp instrument the tendency of the potential victim is to take hold of the instrument thus causing the production of an incised stab wound on the palm of the hand. 2) Patterned Wound Wound in the nature and shape of an object or instrument and which infers the object or instrument causing it. Impact of the face on the radiator grill of a car may cause imprint of the radiator grill on face. A person run-over by a wheel of a car, tire marks are shown on the body.
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42 Due to hanging, the nature of the abrasion mark on the neck may infer material used. Contusion produced by belt, branch of tree, metallic rod etc. may have the shape of the wounding instrument. 3) Self-Inflicted Wound Self-inflicted wound is a wound produced on oneself. As distinguished from suicide, the person has no intention to end his life. Types of Wounds 1. Closed Wounds There is no breach of continuity of the skin or mucous membrane. 1) Superficial When the wound is just beneath the layers of the skin or mucous membrane. (1) Petechiae This is a circumscribed extravasation of the blood in the subcutaneous tissue or underneath the mucous membrane. The cause of passage of blood from capillaries may be due to the increase intra-capillary pressure or increased permeability of the vessel. The hemorrhage maybe small or pinhead sized but several petechiae may coalesced to form a bigger hemorrhagic area. Mosquito or other insect bites may cause the formation of a circumscribed hemorrhages.
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  • Fall '13
  • J Cole
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation, investigator, robbery

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