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AbPsych - Research paper draft

Statistical analyses the mean duration of the current

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Statistical analyses. The mean duration of the current episode was approximately 3 years for all groups” (CBT = 36.8 months, BT= 34.1, and WL = 37.6) (Gillian Butler et al. 1991). No cognitive-behavioral therapy patients dropped out during treatment however within behavioral therapy three subjects dropped out. As well as two patients who were relocated to the behavioral treatment were forced to end treatment due to becoming increasingly depressed. Referring back to the self-assessment/expectations portion of the study, most subjects had a moderately high expectation of improvement
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9 Generalized Anxiety Disorder (CBT = 5.5 and BT = 5.1 on the 0-8 scale) and these levels maintained at a later assessment (Gillian Butler et al. 1991). Variables and research methods . Throughout the study MANOVAs were used to arrive at an overall assessment of the treatment effects. The cognitive-behavioral group proved to be superior to both behavioral treatment as well as those subjects within the wait list. Cognitive-behavioral therapy scored superior to those in the wait list for all levels of anxiety, half of the measures of depression, and five of the six measure of cognition. Behavior therapy differed from the wait list subjects only in one measure of anxiety, one of depression and two of depression (Gillian Butler et al. 1991). Results and discussion. The follow up assessments of six and twelve months between cognitive-behavioral therapy and behavioral therapy maintained cognitive- behavioral therapy at a superior position in relation to results. Essentially Cognitive- Behavioral Therapy has a very high level of improvement that carries on long term even after treatment has ceased. Assessment of progress within the study was measured by defining positive progress as scoring less that ten on the Hamilton Anxiety Scale, less that ten on the BAI and six or less on the Leeds Anxiety scale. Post treatment 32% of 19 patients who were treated with cognitive-behavioral therapy and 16% of the 19 who received behavioral therapy met these expectations (Gillian Butler et al. 1991). After the six month follow up these results were Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy = 42% and Behavioral Therapy = 5% showing that behavioral therapy has a higher level of remission where as cognitive-behavioral therapy displayed levels of improvement even though treatment was no longer in effect.
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10 Combined medications and cognitive therapy for generalized anxiety disorder by Paul Crits-Christoph et al. This research study was utilized to compare the results of treatment consisting of venlafaxine XR alone to venlafaxine XR and cognitive-behavioral therapy. All subjects have been diagnosed with Generalized Anxiety Disorder, and recently have enrolled in a long-term venlafaxine XR study. In addition to the medication, they have been offered to receive or decline 12 sessions of cognitive-behavioral therapy.
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