High civilian casualties insurgencies what is an

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high civilian casualties insurgencies What is an insurgency? Military strategy in which small, often lightly armed units engage in hit and run attacks against military, government, and civilian targets as few as 500 to 2000 active guerillas can make for a long-running, destructive internal war can make a civil war last for years/decades, not about capturing territory strategy is about imposing cost on other actors to get them to give up blend into their surroundings
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guerilla warfare from rural base areas hide among civilian populations Why these tactics? small, weak groups vs. larger, stronger adversary seek to undermine confidence of governments get civilians to join because they say that government can’t protect them so should join also try to provoke government forces into attacking civilians hope government will mistakenly kill civilians so they come to insurgent’s side lasting a long time means more and more civilian casualties Comparative politics vs. IR Why study civil wars in world politics (international relations), not just in comparative politics? use tools of analysis used for interstate war role of external actors In Syria, been 4 ½ years of armed conflicts, in that time 250,000 people have died as a result of conflict 11 million people in Syria have been forced out of homes during the civil war of those 4 million, have left country to other countries (refugees) 7.6 million are internally displaced in Syria within own country Why Some Groups Rebel? disputes over territory, governance, policy any healthy country has people who disagree, why does it become violent? under what circumstances does discontent become violent? ethnic, religious divisions not all civil wars created by this but these things themselves do not “cause” civil war especially important to note: ethnic and religious divisions alone do not cause civil war Options leave the state separatism desire to create an independent state on territory carved from an existing state irredentism desire to detach region from one country and attach it to another, usually because of shared ethnic or religious ties
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If can’t do separatism or irredentism, might threaten with civil war alter state’s policies overthrow the government Three sets of factors Group-level explanations Country-Level Factors International Factors Group-level explanations overcome collective action problems nature of interests high levels of trust, solidarity if not, then must buy or kidnap supporters sell diamonds, drugs, smuggling, human trafficking forcible recruitment Country-Level Factors Geography: Conditions conducive to insurgency political institutions/regime type if able to elect people and vote, have referendum then less likely to resort to violence not that authoritarian countries have civil wars, but easier for those
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