E. the organization's market share in the industry.The specific ways in which human resource professionals support the organization's strategy vary according to their level of involvement and the nature of the strategy. Strategic issues include emphasis on quality and decisions about growth and efficiency. Human resource management can support these strategies,including efforts such as quality improvement programs, mergers and acquisitions,and restructuring.
53.How has the use of employee empowerment affected the recruitment process in the U.S.? A. It has enhanced the need for people with working knowledge of operating different kinds of machinery.B. It has substantially increased employment opportunities for workers with less education.C.It has shifted the focus away from technical skills to general cognitive and interpersonal skills.D. It has significantly reduced recruitment costs by using low-cost strategies though it hinders innovation.E. It has made the recruitment process less time consuming.Use of employee empowerment shifts the recruiting focus away from technical skills and toward general cognitive and interpersonal skills. Employees who have responsibility for a final product or service must be able to listen to customers, adapt to changing needs, and creatively solve a variety of problems.
54.Which of the following is necessary for the success of employee empowerment? A. The jobs must be designed in such a manner that the managers have complete control over business processes.B.Employees must be properly trained to exert their wider authority and use information resources such as the Internet.C. Pay and other rewards should reflect employees' loyalty to the organization andnot their authority.D. Employers should provide feedback only when employees resign and are about to leave the organization.E. Employers should create jobs that minimize the need for the employees to come up with innovative ideas and solutions.Jobs must be designed to give employees the necessary latitude for making a variety of decisions. Employees must be properly trained to exert their wider authority and use information resources such as the Internet as well as tools for communicating information.
55.Which of the following refers to full involvement in one's work and commitment to one's job and company? A. Job enhancementB. Employee selectionC. Employee appraisalD. Job specializationE.Employee engagementEmployee engagement refers to full involvement in one's work and commitment toone's job and company.
56.Which of the following best describes teamwork? A. It refers to centralizing responsibility and authority to make decisions regarding all aspects of product development.B. It refers to having the best possible fit between an organization's social system and technical system.
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