an opposition party member assigned to scrutinize the activities of a

An opposition party member assigned to scrutinize the

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an opposition party member assigned to scrutinize the activities of a particular minister of the Crown Cabinet Shuffle: a change in the composition of a government’s political executive between elections Inner Cabinet: members of the political executive that hold its most important portfolios, including finance, treasury board, and justice (among others) Cabinet Committee: a subgroup of cabinet members assigned to scrutinize a particular set of executive actions Confidence Convention: the practice under which a government must relinquish power when it loses a critical legislative vote Permanent Executive: non-partisan bureaucratic officials serving at the pleasure of the Crown and its ministers Clerk of the Privy (or Executive) Council: the highest-ranking public servant in the federal (or provincial/territorial) bureaucracy
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Deputy Minister: reporting to the minister, the highest-ranking public servant in a given government department Central Agencies: coordinating bodies that steer government business across all departments Privy Council Office (PCO): the central agency responsible for coordinating the federal government’s overall implementation of policy Treasury Board Secretariat: the central agency responsible for coordinating government spending, as well as human and technical resources Department of Finance: the central agency responsible for setting and monitoring the government’s fiscal and economic policy, including overseeing the budget process Line Departments: units responsible for the development and delivery of policy, programs, or services under a particular portfolio ABCs: an agency, board, or commission responsible for delivering a program or service, or producing goods, at arm’s length from government Government Agency: an arm’s length corporate body operating on behalf of a government Government Board: a public advisory committee made up of appointed citizens Government Commission: an agency of government that provides specialized policy expertise and oversight Royal Commission/Commission of Inquiry: a special research investigation of a contentious area of public policy
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Crown Corporations: enterprises owned by a federal or provincial government Chapter 5 textbook notes: The Executive: o The prime minister and the cabinet are not the only members of the executive o The prime minister does not wield absolute control over Canadian politics o Executives today hold no more than they did in the past The executive: the political elites and decision-makers who preside over the direction of their respective governments o Usually the strongest of the three branches of government - Executives are the leaders who have supreme authority and responsibility for decision-making in their organizations - 3 types of Government executives: o Formal Executive: comprising of the figureheads who hold ceremonial, mostly symbolic positions of authority Supreme authority vested in the monarch (Crown) and the monarch’s representatives (the governor general and the lieutenant governors) o Political Executive:
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  • Spring '12
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  • Government, Democracy, Separation of Powers, Presidential system, Westminster system, Head of state

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